As summarized earlier, numerous case studies have suggested ways in which hypnotic methods can be utilized in psychodynamic therapy. Yapko (1989, 1992, 1994) has described a variety of indirect and metaphoric techniques in a cognitive-behavioural framework. However, as Stanley (1994) has commented, he has made little use of the wide variety of well-documented, more directive cognitive-behavioural techniques. The Cognitive Dissociative Model of nonendogenous unipolar depression (Alladin, 1994) attempts to utilize hypnosis and cognitive-behavioural techniques in a multifactorial treatment approach. The way in which hypnotic techniques may augment a cognitive-behavioural management programme for depression represents a challenge for future research.
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