Yapko (1992) argues that the discrepancy in opinion about the value of hypnosis in the treatment of depression can, in part, be understood by variations in the model of hypnosis being utilized. He describes three general models: traditional, standardized, and utilization. Other workers distinguish between directive and non-directive or Ericksonian techniques. The opposition to the use of hypnosis in depression is primarily associated with the traditional, standardized or directive approaches and hence Yapko (1992) argues that the association is a function of the model of hypnosis used rather than of hypnosis per se. This point of view suggests the empirical question of whether one approach to working with depressed individuals is more useful than another.
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