Glossary

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Affect Affect refers to the feeling and expression of emotion.

Client A client is someone who is paying for services.

Coma Threat This is a technique for emerging a client from hypnosis when she refuses and does not comply with suggestions for emerging from hypnosis. It is only needed if a client has been deepened into the Esdaile State also known as the "Hypnotic Coma State."

Critical Factor The Critical Factor is a function of the mind where new information is compared with existing beliefs and associated pieces of information learned in the past and held in permanent memory of the subconscious mind. If the new information is significantly different, it is rejected as being not true. Bypassing the critical factor is one of the main uses of hypnosis.

Hypnotic Coma State See Esdaile State.

Deepen When you "deepen" the hypnotic state, you are making the subject more suggestible and the person in hyposis can experience a greater range of hypnotic phenomena.

Direct Suggestion Direct Suggestion is the process of placing information into the subconscious mind directly, through verbal or other communication. Usually this is done verbally, where a hypnotist suggests that a certain situation or condition exists, and the subject accepts the suggestion as being true. The suggestion may be accepted during hypnosis and/or after the hypnosis session has ended.

Emerge To emerge is to come out of or be brought out of hypnosis. This is a much better word to use than "awaken" because hypnosis is not sleep.

Emotional Freedom Technique Commonly called EFT. It is a process that is designed to release emotions. The process consists of lightly tapping on prescribed meridian points while

making statements regarding the feeling.

Esdaile State The Esdaile State is also known as "Hypnotic Coma." It is thought to be a deeper state than somnambulism. A person in this state will experience anesthesia without any suggestion for it. Sometimes individuals in this state may find it so pleasurable that they may be reluctant to emerge when directed to by the hypnotist. The subject is not stuck, only reluctant to emerge and leave the state. This is not a preferable state for doing hypnotherapy because the client is not highly suggestible.

Hallucination Persons in a sufficiently deepened level of hypnosis can experience hallucinations. Hallucination is said to occur when an individual experiences a perception that has no external cause, such a seeing something that is not really there, or hearing a sound that has no origin. This can occur with any of the five senses and emotion. A person can also hallucinate, not feeling or experiencing a stimuli that is present.

Hallucination, Positive Postitive hallucinations occur in hypnosis by suggestion. When it is said that someone is experiencing a hallucination, it is generally meant that they are experiencing a positive hallucination, where the subject is perceiving something that is not really there in reality. This can involve any of the five senses and emotion.

Hallucination, Negative A negative hallucination is said to occur when an individual is unable to perceive something that one would normally be able to perceive with the five senses. For example, even though an individual has normal hearing ability, she would not be able to hear.

Hypermnesia Hypermnesia is increased memory. In hypnosis, it can be suggested that the subject can recall information, and as a result, she will be able to remember information that she was not previously able to recall.

Hypnoidal A light state of hypnosis. It is very easy to obtain. Achieving this state can be demonstrated by eye catalepsy by suggestion.

Hypnosis Hypnosis is a mental state of focus that enables a person to accept suggestions at a subconscious or unconscious level. It can be further defined as the bypass of the critical factor of the mind and the acceptance of acceptable selective attention. Usually through the acceptance of selective or focused attention, the mind becomes suggestible, allowing for new information to be accepted by the subconscious and/or unconscious mind.

Induction A procedure that enables an indiviual or group to enter a state of hypnosis. It involves focusing the mind on the hypnotist's instructions and resulting in increased suggestibility.

Induction, Instant An instant induction is any induction that takes only a few seconds. It typically has four identifiable components: focusing attention, a rapid redirection of attention (with a component of surprise), the use of the word "sleep", followed by a quick deepening technique, such as suggestions for going deeply relaxed.

Induction, Rapid Rapid inductions usually take about one to four minutes. Dave Elman was a master of rapid induction, hence one of the most popular and effective rapid inductions is called "The Dave Elman Induction."

Parts Mediation Therapy This is a variation on the idea of doing hypnotherapy by calling up "parts" of an individual's psyche. In this form of Parts Therapy, the focus is on resolving internal conflict. The therapist works intra-psychically, focusing on a win-win agreement about the future in which the client's conflicted parts agree to behave differently; she can then satisfy her needs without conflict. This form of therapy is based on the techniques used in conflict mediation.

Parts Therapy Parts Therapy is a type of hypnotherapy in which different "parts" of the individual are brought up. These parts may be named according to their purpose or attribute. For an example, a client may have a part called "Joy." Once the part (or psychological construct) can be brought up, then it can be brought into the therapy process. It may be empowered, or diminished. Communication between it and other "parts" can be encouraged and conflicts can be resolved, as in the case of Parts

Mediation Therapy.

Patient This is someone who is paying for services in a medical environment, or being served by a medical professional. Payment may come from a third party, such as an insurance company. A patient has a professional relationship with a medical professional.

Rapid Eye Movement (REM) REM is one of the indications of the depth of hypnosis (or natural sleep). In some states of hypnosis and sleep, the subject can be observed moving her eyes from side to side under her eyelids. This is associated with both sleep and deep stages of hypnosis.

Regression, or Age Regression Hypnotic Age Regression is a phenomenon that can be suggested in hypnosis. In hypnosis, a subject/client can be directed to go back in time and re-experience an earlier event. When the client is experiencing a true age regression, she revivifies the experience, and it seems very real to the client.

Regression, or Past Life Regression Past Life Regression is a phenomenon that can be suggested in hypnosis. During the course of an Age Regression session some clients will spontaneously experience what they will report as a previous life. This can also be done with clients deliberately. Proponents of past life regression advocate this as a therapy for problems experienced in this life.

Regression, Pseudo- Psudo-Regression or False Regression, is a phenomenon that can be suggested in hypnosis. If a client is unable or unwilling to experience a revivification (reliving) of an earlier experience, a true age regression, she may only experience hypermnesia (enhanced ability to recall earlier events, but not a reliving of the event). This may also occur if a client has not reached a sufficient level of hypnosis for a true age regression.

Secondary Gain This is a condition that can interfere with the success of therapy. Sometimes during therapy, after the cause of the problem has been removed, a symptom or behavior may continue to exist. If the cause of the problem has been removed but the problem continues, then it is somehow being reinforced or otherwise being encouraged. Even some of the most self-defeating behaviors may have some benefit to the client. It is this kind of benefit that can cause a behavior or other condition to continue after therapy has ended. An example might be when a client is subject to lose monetary benefits if overcoming some condition or illness.

Self-Hypnosis This is self-induced hypnosis, where the person gives herself suggestions. With training, anyone who can be hypnotized can learn how to take herself into hypnosis and give herself hypnotic suggestions. Changes tend to take longer to accomplish by self-hypnosis than when working with a hypnotherapist.

Somnambulism A state of hypnosis that is better thought of as hypnotic somnambulism to avoid confusion with true somnambulism, which is better known as sleep-walking. Upon sufficient induction and deepening of hypnosis, most individuals can reach a state of hypnosis called somnambulism. This is the most desirable state for doing therapy and pain management work. It is characterized by the subject's ability to produce amnesia by suggestion. In deeper and more profound levels of somnambulism, the client is able to have both positive and negative hallucinations. The ability to experience positive hallucinations is required for true age regression, which is a period of hallucination. Anesthesia and analgesia produced by the use of hypnotic suggestion are examples of negative hallucination.

Transference This is the tendency of some clients to assign characteristics to the therapist (or others) that do not belong to that individual. These characteristics really come from their earlier significant relationships, such as parents. Similarities in situation or appearance of the therapist seem to produce the transference phenomenon. For example, a client may become distrustful of a therapist because the therapist reminds her of

someone from her past. This association is usually subconscious and based upon emotion rather than reason.

Waking Suggestion This is a form of hypnosis. It is usually covert, in that the individual experiencing waking suggestion does not realize that someone is attempting to have a hypnotic effect upon her. It results in suggestibility without a formal hypnotic induction. Everyone is subject to suggestions made by others, especially those in a place of greater authority or expertise. For example, children are very suggestible and accept as true what parents suggest to them (i.e., Santa Clause, Easter Bunny, Tooth Fairy, and monsters). These suggestions can be very real to the child even though they would be considered impossible by an adult. Another common case is the doctor and patient relationship. When a patient seeks an opinion from a doctor, what the doctor tells the client can be very powerful because of the inequity of power in the situation and also because of the patient's lack of knowledge concerning medicine.

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Exploring EFT

Exploring EFT

EFT stands for Emotional Freedom Technique. It works to free the user of both physical and emotional pain and relieve chronic conditions by healing the physical responses our bodies make after we've been hurt or experienced pain. While some people do not carry the effects of these experiences, others have bodies that hold onto these memories, which affect the way the body works. Because it is a free and fast technique, even if you are not one hundred percent committed to whether it works or not, it is still worth giving it a shot and seeing if there is any improvement.

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