Explaining how the body works

A simple explanation of how the body works, an important part of the approach, is another medium through which expectations and phrases that will be used during hypnosis may be easily and comfortably introduced. A drawing of the heart, kidneys, bladder, a gate or door on the bladder, a urethra, a brain, and a toilet are made while teaching about the function of each. The heart is described as a pump muscle that sends blood all over the body. The kidneys are described as a filter, strainer, or...

Creating An Acceptance Or Yesset

For many years human relations experts and sales people have known the importance of obtaining an initial yes response from someone you are trying to influence. A powerful orator will seek to immediately obtain affirmative responses from the audience to create an acceptance set mentally. As early at 1936, Dale Carnegie emphasized this principle, referring to it as the secret of Socrates. His method Did he tell people they were wrong On, no, not Socrates. He was far too adroit for that. His...

Illustrative Suggestions

Therapist You are familiar with your own signal for entering trance So give yourself your signal to relax to let yourself go all over to feel yourself becoming light and free . . . Take the time you need to bring about a most comfortable feeling of calm and quietness within yourself of the freeing up within yourself of muscle tension and inner tension . . . Raise your right index finger when you have reached that point . . . The client does so shortly. Fine. . . . From what you have told me . ....

Introduction And Indications

As we have already indicated, age progression may be used with subjects capable of deep trances. However, when time does not permit sufficient trance deepening, with less talented subjects, and in self-hypnosis, end-result imagery may also produce very beneficial results. The following two contributions by Korn and Pratt (1988) model such interventions. Such goal imagery may be beneficial whenever you are working with individuals who have specific goals toward which they are working. These...

Harry E Stanton PhD

These suggestions may facilitate cognitive-perceptual changes and be particularly helpful with patients who operate on the kinds of irrational assumptions targeted for change in rational-emotive therapy. Individual paragraphs (themes) may be regarded as modules for use with patients who have particular difficulties. (Ed.) Day by day you will increasingly do what you enjoy doing rather than what other people think you ought to do in life. It would be nice if other people approved of what you do,...

Look Toward The Future [age Progression

Picture yourself slender and attractive, standing on a scale. Notice that the dial on the scale is pointing to_pounds the patient's desired weight . Feel how joyous, ecstatic, and overwhelmingly happy you feel as you realize that you can and will achieve your goal. Notice how healthy, vibrant, and alive you feel as you realize the full potential of your mind. Whenever you think of eating something you're not supposed to eat, or eating at a time other then mealtime, picture yourself healthy and...

Reinforcement Of Earlier Suggestions

And as you become more and more aware that your life is only beginning, and of the potentials for living beautifully that are there all the time, you'll be able to have more and more calm, peace of mind, awareness, and a feeling of strength and health and energy, that will grow as the days pass. Your mind will be at peace and calm. You'll feel strong and healthy, and very vibrant and alive, and that feeling will pervade your being. You'll become more aware of it, but it will be there, at the...

Richard B Garver EdD

It is explained to patients that in order for them to really lose weight and keep it off, it is necessary for them to change their eating behavior, and not just go on a diet. Therefore, I use a computer metaphor and suggest to patients that before I see them again, they are to make a behavioral list for me. It is to consist of behaviors that they feel are negative or inappropriate eating behaviors. This program out list may include the kinds of foods they eat, emotional eating, binge eating,...

Daniel P Kohen MD

As with any clinical problem in children, the success of a hypnotic approach to enuresis is predicated at least in part upon those things that occur before any official hypnotherapy occurs. Initially there must be the development of a sensitive and positive rapport with the child, the establishment in the mind of the parents that the clinician is both competent and confident, and the appropriate and thorough clinical assessment of the problem itself. It is critical that a careful and...

Deepening enhancement and beginning of therapeutic strategy

As you and I prepare to go on our walk, you may notice that we are in a very pleasant surrounding in which there are numerous plants, and some small and rather friendly animals. You may also see larger animals which are friendly and curious about our presence here. One other thing to notice is that we are on a definite path, and that pathway seems to be leading gradually toward a small hill, which slopes down in the direction of the ocean. While we are still quite a ways from the ocean, you can...

Dermatologie Disorders

There are a variety of dermatologie disorders in which hypnosis may contribute to positive treatment outcome, including pruritus (excessive itching), acne, psoriasis, eczema, neurodermatitis, warts and herpes simplex. Hypnotic interventions may include posthypnotic suggestions to reduce picking and scratching in acne, pruritus, eczema, and neurodermatitis. When suggestions are ineffective, exploration of unconscious dynamics may prove beneficial. This has particularly been found to be the case...

Determination Of Signals Or Cues Associated With Onset Of Severe Pain

Patients were encouraged to recall, while in trance, the feelings and thoughts associated with pain onset and disability behaviors. For one, it was a feeling of cramping and burning in the back for another, it was a dull throbbing in the head. Patients were given the suggestion that such signals coilld be reinterpreted as reminders or cues for use of a coping strategy, e.g., pleasant imaging, deep breathing, muscle relaxation, instead of producing the usual cycle of self-depreciatory thought...

Helping Parents See Specific Advantages in Child Hypnotherapy

Parents can be of the greatest help in child hypnotherapy if, beyond alleviating their fears and misunderstandings, we show them that there are specific reasons for selecting hypnosis as the treatment of choice at a particular time. That is, parental enthusiasm and cooperation will be maximal if hypnosis is perceived not as just another treatment but as having its own special advantages. Of course, some of these benefits will be more relevant for one child than for another, and the...

Hypnosis as an Adjunct to Chemotherapy in Cancer

Rosen models for us his approach to assisting cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy. As I point out in Chapter 16, there have been suggestions of caution expressed about using age progression techniques with seriously depressed patients lest they project themselves into a very negative future that exacerbates feelings of hopelessness. This could be iatrogenic and increase suicide potential. Thus you are cautioned to use age progression thoughtfully in working with cancer patients,...

Milton H Erickson MD

This is the second day of January . . . and you have wet the bed, your parents say, every night for twelve years. You know that and I know that, so now let us forget about it. Let us talk about something that is really important. Now, this is the second of January, and I don't think it would be reasonable, not the least bit reasonable in any way, for me to expect you to have a permanently dry bed two weeks from now. And you know, by that time January will be practically over, and then February...

Past And Future Lives

When the technique of age regression is discussed, questions about the possibility of regression to past life experiences are often raised. This controversy stemmed in large part from the famous Bridey Murphy case (Bernstein, 1956), in which a lay hypnotist hypnotized a woman who subsequently imagined herself to be the reincarnation of an Irish woman. Credible hypnosis experts immediately debunked this idea (Kline, 1956), and in fact investigative reporters discovered background experiences of...

Realerting

And when you have walked across the path and up the slopes and across the flat areas, you can begin to sense that you are returning closer to being in the chair in this room. And you can return from your imagination experience whenever you are ready, knowing that you can revisit the pathway, the slopes, the flat areas, the sand, the ocean, and the tide pools at any time. You will know the sun and the moon will always be above to guide your progress. And whenever you are ready, you can open your...

Relieving Discomfort In The Chest And Abdominal Area

The nonmedical clinician is reminded to always obtain careful medical evaluation, espe cially with conditions such as chest and abdominal pain, prior to providing hypnotherapy. (Ed.) Start the relaxation at the throat. Exhale a few times slowly and deeply and imagine making the throat wide and open. Relax and think during exhalations soft, gentle, wide, open, and so on, with respect to places inside the throat, chest, and abdomen. Do any or all of the following exercises according to need....

Tailoring Hypnosis to Children

As you will see in the presentation in this chapter by Kohen, success in working with children requires that you adapt induction procedures and suggestions to the age of the child. Significant research has documented, for instance, that children have difficulty closing their eyes in hypnosis and will often respond better when this is not demanded (London & Cooper, 1969 Moore & Cooper, 1966 Moore & Lauer, 1963). Developmental issues with children should be taken into account (e.g.,...

Hypnosis with Interpersonal Problems

In the final section of the chapter you will find a variety of suggestions focused on relationships with spouses, families, and others. Although we cannot directly control the reactions of another person, hypnosis may be an aid in fostering healthier interactions with others and healthier perceptions of relationships. Hypnosis may also serve a number of functions in couples therapy. For example, it may be used to work through resistance and overcome stalemates in therapy. Hypnosis may assist in...

Selfhypnosis Training

At the end of two weeks, the patient returns for a session in which he she is taught self-hypnosis, which should help him her during any specific times that have remained difficult. It is explained that he will be able to use the self-hypnosis technique in many other situations. Reference is made here to the article that I published (Garver, 1984). The eight steps proposed there have been modified to six simple steps that I go over with each patient. The steps are designed for the patient to do...

Hypnotic Suggestions with Children 475

Helping Parents See Specific Advantages in Child Hypnotherapy G. Gail Gardner All Hypnosis with Children Daniel P. Kohen 480 Hypnotic Procedure for Pain Relief Valerie J. Wall 481 Techniques of Hypnoanalgesia Karen Olness and G. Gail Gardner 484 Pediatric Wound Injection Using a Visual Distraction Technique Steven F. Bierman 486 Examples of Suggestions for Use in Pediatric Emergencies Daniel P. Kohen 488 A Hypnotherapeutic Approach to Enuresis Daniel P. Kohen 489 Imagery with Bedwetting H. E....

Hypnosis with Severely Disturbed Patients

Scagnelli (1976) noted three special problems and challenges for clinicians using hypnosis with schizophrenic patients 1. The problem of control wherein these patients are intensely concerned with maintaining control and fear of loss of control. This fear may be managed through allowing the patient to keep his eyes open, emphasizing self-hypnosis for self-control, and using a permissive hypnotic style. 2. Fear of closeness between patient and therapist, which necessitates the therapist's...

Suggestions For Headaches

I have had excellent results with the following suggestions, which use vestigial remnants of the diving reflex to alleviate the discomfort of migraine and other stress-induced headaches. By slowing the heartbeat and decreasing blood pressure by means of this technique, circulatory congestion in the head may be alleviated and the headache symptoms gradually cease. (Of course, suggestion also plays an important and perhaps the most important part in enhancing the effectiveness of...

Corydon Hammond PhD

It's interesting every spring when I begin to play golf again. After a long winter of not playing golf, in about early April I go up to the driving range and hit a bucket of balls. Before I'm done with a large bucket of balls, my hands are getting sore. And by the time I've hit a large bucket of balls, I have a few blisters on my hands. If the weather is rainy and cool the next week, it may be two weeks before I go back to the driving range to practice. And if I hit a large bucket of balls...

Harold P Golan DMD

Gagging is an abnormal response of mouth and throat muscles to a normal stimulus either physical or psychological. It has been a problem in professional practice for persons who cannot swallow food or pills, brush their teeth, wear dental appliances, or react excessively to chemotherapy. Authorities have mentioned various methods of controlling this habit. They include authoritative waking suggestion, symptom removal by hypnotherapeutic suggestion, and brief hypnoanalysis (Erickson, Hershman,...

Gail Gardner PhD

The following techniques represent methods we have used with our patients. We often use several in combination. Every technique involves suggested dissociation, either directly or indirectly. For instance, notice how the phrase that arm rather than your arm facilitates dissociation. Our list is by no means complete. Other hypnotherapists will prefer variations of our methods or will develop other methods. direct suggestions for hypnoanesthesia request for numbness. You know what a numb feeling...

Louis N Gruber MD

There are many patients in psychiatry whose most characteristic feature is affective instability. . . . Diagnostically, these patients are often labeled as having borderline personality disorder, or cyclothymic disorder or a major affective disorder, alone or in combination. . . . The basic principle of my psychotherapeutic approach using hypnosis can be found in Melitta Schmideberg's injunction concerning the borderline patient, to be aware that the patient is dominated by . . . contrasts,...

Alcid M Pelletier EdD

It is superior to a computer. As a matter of fact, your brain is the prototype for all computers. All of them have been fashioned after some of the processes of your mind. During the first five years of your life, you learned more than you did in any other five-year period since. You learned a language, how to walk and run you learned how to distinguish one person from another and one object from another with all their proper names. You learned your colors, how to...

The Pool

Imagine you are standing on a ledge overlooking a quiet pool, lifting a heavy rock high over your head. Watch the rock as you drop it into the water, observing, in slow motion, the splash and way it settles, sinking to the bottom of the pool. As it does so, imagine the water closing in above it, generating rippling circles spreading out all over the pool's surface. Continue to observe these ripples as they wax and wane until, finally, they fade away completely, returning the water to its...

Diane Roberts Stoler EdD

This script was written for a 26-year-old woman with recurring vaginal warts. She loved the ocean and was into holistic health. Imagery was used for extensive induction and deepening prior to giving the following suggestions. The last imagery scene was of a lush garden with a mountain stream flowing down through it. You know that part of becoming healthier and happier is to allow yourself to enjoy only foods that are good for you. In this garden, if you become hungry there are all types of...

General Approach to Physical Symptoms Caused by Stress

A permissive approach to self-hypnosis which emphasizes positive experiences of physical changes acts to reframe a negative self-image or previously confusing symptoms. I begin by briefly outlining the fight or flight response, then contrast the physical and emotional changes of the relaxation response. I ask the patient to choose a pleasurable visual or auditory image to focus his her awareness. Take a couple of deep breaths in . . . and out . . . and on the out breath, notice a sense of...

Trance Ratification

Methods of trance ratification (e.g., glove anesthesia, limb rigidity, ideomotor phenomenon) may be used to increase patient confidence and feelings of self-efficacy. And just as your inner mind is so powerful that it can even control something as fundamental and basic as pain, so you now know that it can control any of your feelings and desires, and anything about your body. And because of the incredible power of your unconscious mind, your urges and cravings will increasingly come under your...

Lawrence M Staples DMD

Some of my young patients like to play a game called let's pretend when they have to have their dental care. They shut their eyes when I tell them to, and they at first just pretend that they are at home, watching their favorite TV program, and they have fun while I am caring for and working on their teeth. Would you like to play a game like that, I asked Kathy, and she thought that would be fun. All right, Kathy, I will draw a 'funny face' on your thumbnail. . . . Here are the eyes, and here...

Dov Glazer DDS

For the next five minutes, experience a uniquely effective technique to enjoy a hypnotic trance. Simply listen to the suggestion, follow the instruction and be pleasantly surprised by the experience. tension. Focus attention on your hands. Put the heels of the hands together and let the fingers touch each other. Raise the hands to the height of the jaw, elbows away from the body. Press the hands together. Press tight enough to feel the tension in the fingers, hands, arms, shoulders, neck, feel...

Emil G Bishay MD Grant Stevens MD and Chingmuh Lee MD

Bishay, Stevens, and Lee (1984) used the following suggestions in an emergency room setting. The patient had a history of upper GI bleeding for three years and was admitted to the surgical ICU with a diagnosis of recurrent peptic ulcer disease vs. stomach ulceration, incomplete vagotomy. After the patient was reassured that nothing would hurt her and no one would do anything to her against her will, she was told that if she could relax, her unconscious mind would help control the bleeding. The...

Maureen A Kelly DDS Harlo R McKinty and Richard Carr

These authors found that eight months following suggestions to promote dental flossing, 67 of patients, as compared with 15 of a control group, were found to have improved gingival health. The groups were given the following types of suggestions. (1) Suggestions involving oral health which explained the need for routine dental flossing to prevent periodontal disease and interproximal caries (2) suggestions involving personal appearance which cited healthy looking gums, clean teeth, and the...

Cautions And Guidelines In Using Age Regression

In introducing the topic of age regression, we should begin with some cautions. Many years ago, Wolberg (1964) warned us that, We may conjure up a situation permitting us to track down the origin of each of the patient's symptoms. Having done this, we should probably find, in most cases, that the symptoms themselves would not vanish. The expectation that recovery of traumatic experiences will invariably produce an amelioration or cure of the patient's neurosis is founded on a faulty theoretic...

Irving I Secter DDS MA

First the hypnotized patient is asked to imagine (or hallucinate) an unpleasant, negative theater scene or a negative experience with the associated unpleasant feelings. Then he or she imagines a very happy scene or experience with the accompanying positive feelings. The patient is asked to signal with a head nod when he or she is experiencing the suggested scenes. Let the theater scene disappear for the time being. Be aware of the fact that you are sitting comfortably and relaxed in this...

Daniel P Brown PhD and Erika Fromm PhD

Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Chicago, Illinois Suggestions can be designed in various ways to improve the quality of the regression and to achieve genuine age regression. To increase the likelihood of reinstating previous modes of functioning over current adult functioning, the therapist can directly suggest You will find yourself thinking, acting, feeling, and behaving like a child of specify suggested age . No matter what you find yourself doing, you will experience yourself exactly as you...

Joan Murray Jobsis PhD

And it begins to become easier to imagine traveling through time and space in trance, beginning to explore and understand ourselves more fully. And in that understanding an acceptance of self, coming to know and understand and accept our strengths and our limitations. Coming to access our strengths and our sense of power without apology or fear, without worrying whether our strengths please or displease others. And acknowledging to ourselves our right to achieve our own personal best self. And...

Suggestions

Now I want you to imagine that you are going to take a trip to an island. I am going to count to ten, and as I do, you will be able to make this journey. I don't know whether you will make it by plane, by boat, or by swimming as Donna Nyad did. And now you begin the journey One . . . going into a deeper and more relaxed state with each count. Six . . . And now I need to tell you something about this island to which you are going. This island is your island of serenity. It is very deep within...

Hypnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology 269

Obstetrical Hypnosis Childbirth Training 271 Group Hypnosis Training in Obstetrics Simon W. Chiasson 271 Outline of Hypnotic Suggestions in Obstetrics Bertha P. Rodger 273 Suggestions for a Comfortable Delivery Joseph Barber 275 The Hypnoreflexogenous Technique in Obstetrics A. Kenneth Fuller 277 Childbirth Suggestions Larry Goldmann 278 Management of Antenatal Hypnotic Training David Waxman 279 Erickson's Childbirth Suggestions Milton H. Erickson 281 An Ericksonian Approach to Childbirth...

Valerie T Stein

These suggestions were formulated and successfully used by Stein (1980) in treating a case of action (intention) myoclonus. The suggestions were used in four hypnotic sessions after induction, deepening, and suggestions for quietness, relaxation, calmness and internal peace. An audiotape to facilitate self-hypnosis was also made. Sessions were framed as quiet time and as a time for healing. Although only the subject of one case report, perhaps hypnosis may hold promise in working with this...

Obtaining A Sensory Description Of The Pain

Hypnotherapy with pain is facilitated by a detailed description of the following sensory aspects of the pain (1) thermal sensations (e.g., degree of heat versus cold) (2) kinesthetic sensations and pressure aspects of the pain (e.g., dull, sharp, binding, itching, heavy, twisting, drilling, penetrating, stabbing, pounding) and (3) imagery of the pain (size, shape, color, texture, sound). One method for doing this is to obtain a detailed verbal description of the sensory components of the pain....

Selig Finkelstein DDS

This technique consists of a progressive relaxation procedure followed by downward movement and imagery of a safe place. These suggestions may be used for induction and deepening, and to assist patients where symptoms of anxiety and fearfulness are present. A variant of this technique is also valuable with multiple personality patients. (Ed.) Relaxation is a mental process. You can begin by closing your eyes, but it helps to have something physical with which to work. Just wiggle your shoulders...

Not Knowing And Not Doing

Suggestions of this type facilitate unconscious responsiveness rather than conscious effort. They assist patients to not try too hard (in accord with the Law of Reversed Effect), encouraging autonomous responding and dissociation. Here is an example of this type of suggestion You don't have to think, or reply, or try to do anything at all. In fact, it isn't even necessary to listen carefully to what I'm saying, because your unconscious mind will just inevitably hear everything I'm saying,...

Errol R Korn MD and George J Pratt PhD

Bring to mind a presentation that you have to make in the near future. It may be a sales presentation to a client, it may be a speech to a gathering of your peers or your superiors, it may be a simple meeting. Imagine yourself getting a good night's sleep focus on feeling as though you're falling asleep . . . and that you're waking refreshed. Imagine dressing as you would dress on the day of the presentation, feeling very good about yourself. You are smiling. At the place where the presentation...

Evaluation and Assessment of Pain

thical practice requires that we have the technical knowledge to adequately evaluate patient needs. This means that the nonphysician treating pain patients must become familiar with medical evaluation and treatment alternatives. Pain patients should be required to obtain a physical examination and appropriate diagnostic studies prior to psychological intervention. Similarly, it is vital for physicians and dentists to learn to evaluate more than the biophysical aspects of pain. Particularly...

The Metaphor

Most of us have some foods we like better than others. I can recall when I was a child, I loved certain foods. I remember how much I just loved pancakes, and the smell of hot, fresh pancakes cooking in the morning. And umm, after that warm, sticky feel of the syrup, a glass of cold milk tasted so good. And I recall the warm, comfortably full kind of feeling after eating them. I don't know, when you were a child, what foods you liked. But you certainly remember, maybe not all of them, but some...

Outline Of Hypnotic Strategies And Techniques For Managing Pain

In this chapter you will find a large number of hypnotic techniques discussed and modeled for you. You may find the following conceptualization of major hypnotic pain control strategies and the techniques that fall under these strategies to be useful in understanding these methods. I. Unconscious Exploration to Enhance Insight or Resolve Conflict II. Creating Anesthesia or Analgesia A. Direct or Indirect Suggestion B. Imagery and Imagery Modification E. Interspersal Technique and Use of...

Richard P Kluft MD PhD

The slow leak technique was developed for work with patients who had some or all of the following features they were anxiety phobic, had poor anxiety tolerance, and or were physically compromised. Such patients are not optimal candidates for the more strenuous experience of a traditional abreaction, which makes considerable demands upon both their physical and emotional resources. At first glance it might seem that all abreactive work should be avoided with such individuals. However, often a...

Galski Rowen Trichotillomania Script

Trichotillomania, compulsive hair pulling, is estimated to be a chronic habit disorder of 8 million people (Azrin & Nunn, 1978). There are many case reports in the behavior modification literature, with varying success rates, using methods like aversive self-stimulation (e.g., snapping a rubber band on the wrist), covert sensitization, self-monitoring and stimulus control procedures (Bornstein & Rychtarik, 1978 Levine, 1976 Mastellone, 1974 Saper, 1971). There are also case reports of the...

The Technique

The client is instructed to imagine or visualize a dial that controls the intensity of the symptom. It is important to tailor the metaphor to the sensory modalities that the client uses. For example, if the client is capable of imagining sounds, it is important to emphasize the clicks when turning down the dial. The actual details of the dial or control box may be left to the client's imagination and liking. suggestive wording. And now visualize a box with a dial on it. Do you see the dial box...

The Principle Of Interspersing And Embedding Suggestions

Suggestions may be subtly interspersed within stories, anecdotes, or deepening techniques. Words or phrases may be included, set apart by very brief pauses or changes in voice tone, that convey additional meanings and suggestions. For instance, I was working with a woman for both obesity and marital problems. She had a noxious habit of interrupting rather than listening during interactions. Therefore, the following suggestions were given (and recorded on cassette tape for use in self-hypnosis)....

Alexander A Levitan MD

This metaphor is particularly indicated when the patient has described the pain as a flaming red sphere. See yourself sitting on a tropical beach at sunset. Notice the bright red sun as it descends on the far horizon. See the colors begin to change from orange to crimson, and then a deep, dark red-orange. Notice that as the sun approaches the water, there actually seems to be two suns, one in the sky and one in the water. See the sun gradually sink into the ocean. See the colors change from...

Indications and Contraindications

Olness and Gardner (1988) suggest the following broad indications for child hypnotherapy (1) when a child shows responsiveness to hypnotic inductions (2) when a problem has been shown to be treatable through hypnosis (3) when there is a positive relationship between the therapist and child (4) when the child possesses at least some motivation to remedy the complaint (5) when parents or guardians approve the treatment plan and (6) when the use of hypnosis is not anticipated to cause iatrogenic...

M Erik Wright MD PhD

The following tape recording was prepared for a middle-aged woman who experienced de bilitating anxiety at the thought of going to a doctor or dentist, a store or restaurant, and so forth. When the anticipated anxiety became too great, she was able to calm herself sufficiently to carry out these activities by listening to the tape. She routinely kept the tape in her purse so that it would be available to her as needed. If she was in a situation that required privacy, she used earphones. She had...

Theory Technique Indications And Contraindications

The method is based on the following assumptions 1. The human organism is endowed with spontaneous healing power with which to restore healthy mind and body. 2. The so-called hypnotic trance serves the functions of enhancing the healing force in the organism. 3. Especially in prolonged hypnosis, the self-recovering force is reinforced and the organism is set free from the strains of mind and body caused by the stress of the inner and outer world, and is helped to restore health. 4. Prolonged...

Joseph Barber PhD

Though there are many ways of conceptualizing techniques of hypnotic pain management, and while different clinicians will certainly apply techniques differently, it is helpful to consider four basic methods of achieving hypnotic pain control 1. Analgesia or anesthesia can be created in the hypnotized individual by simply suggesting that the perception of pain is changing, Is diminishing, or that the area is becoming numb, so that the pain is gradually disappearing. It may be easier for a...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Multiple Personality Disorder

Through the years there have been a variety of published works concerned with the psychotherapeutic treatment of the effects of traumatic stress. Following World War I, hypnosis and abreactive therapy became popular for rehabilitating troops suffering from shell shock (Shorvon & Sargant, 1947). Similarly, the impact of traumatic events in World War II encouraged a variety of publications on treatment of war neurosis (Grinker & Spiegel, 1943, 1945 Kardiner & Spiegel, 1947 Sargant &...

Hypnotic Enhancement of Athletic Performance

References to the use of hypnosis to enhance sports performance have been made in the literature for a long time (e.g., Lindemann, 1958 Mitchell, 1972 Narcuse, 1964a, 1964b Schultz, 1932). In 1964, Narcuse found that of 125 Japanese Olympic athletes, only 20 had invested time in developing a means of coping with performance anxiety, and few of them had done this systematically or reliably. In contrast, today cognitive training and hypnosis training are widely utilized with Olympic athletes and...

Symbolic And Metaphoric Imagery

The term suggestions usually refers to verbal statements. The effects of imagery seem so powerfully in hypnosis, however, that it is my belief that we should acknowledge suggestions for imagery as a category of suggestion. The Law of Reversed Effect is a principle that encourages the use of imagery, particularly to bring about physiologic effects. For instance, having patients imagine what their pain looks like and then modify the imagery may produce analgesic relief. Imagining an agitated acid...

Scientific Research On Age Regression

There is a very small amount of evidence suggesting that there may be cnme miite limited physiological or neurophysiological regression in revivification. For example, it has been possible to regress excellent subjects to infancy and elicit a Babinski reflex and similar phenomena that simulating subjects (actors) could not produce (Gidro-Frank & Bowersbuch, 1948 Raikov, 1980, 1982 True & Stephenson, 1951). It has been pointed out, however, that this may be the result of depressed muscle...

Questions

Suggestions in the form of questions may be used to focus attention and awareness, stimulate associations, facilitate responsiveness, and to induce trance. This type of suggestion is particularly valuable when the question is one that cannot be answered by the conscious mind. Questions, however, should not be used in a rigid manner, but should utilize ongoing patient behavior. Each question, for example, may suggest an observable response. Questions are, again, a fail-safe approach that you...

Franz Baumann MD

You can wake up all the way when you need to empty your bladder. You can learn how good it feels to empty your bladder completely. You can learn to control the flow of urine from your bladder through your penis. You can learn to enjoy fully the feeling of urine coming from your penis. Because this enjoyment is such a good feeling, you will want to be fully awake for it at all times. You can practice stopping and going every single time you urinate. Every time you do this you can learn that you...

Central Control Or Circuit Room

After having identified and worked through important issues, imagery of the circuit room can help to formalize change. Attitudes and behaviors that have been linked by trauma or learning can be unplugged or disconnected. Intensity (or feelings, pain, etc.) can be turned down. Certain dysfunctional plugs may be removed and replaced with new functional plugs. On-off switches (e.g., black white, either or attitudes and behaviors) can be replaced with light-dimmer type intensity switches....

Relaxing The Diaphragm

The release of tensions will result spontaneously and unconsciously in slower, deeper exhalations. Such relaxed breathing is similar to that during sleep and during the waking state may be felt as being breathed rather than active breathing. The respiration is deepened when the tendons of the neck and shoulders are relaxed, the mouth-throat junction is felt as a wide open space, and exhalations are felt throughout the whole trunk, especially in the flanks and in the small of the back. Also...

Jeffrey Auerbach PhD

In autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, the immune system attacks the body the joints, internal organs or skin. In effect, the immune system is misguided or confused. Hypnotherapeutic work may help stimulate healthy immune system functioning, where only foreign invaders or mutant cells are attacked. A general understanding of how autoimmune diseases operate will be helpful to the patient, and sometimes pictures of what the disease process and the immune system look like...

Don E Gibbons PhD

Now I am going to stroke your hand, and as I do, you will gradually begin to be aware of feelings of warmth flowing from my hand into yours and flowing all through your hand, as these feelings of warmth continue to grow stronger and stronger with each passing moment. As I stroke your hand now, you will soon begin to notice these feelings of warmth flowing into your hand from mine, and as soon as you do, you can signal me by nodding your head. After the subject has nodded his assent That's fine....

David Spiegel MD and Herbert Spiegel MD

Stanford, California, and New York, New York The instruction for weight control is similar to that used for smoking control. Subjects are given the following three points (1) For my body, too much food is damaging (or disfiguring) (2) I need my body to live (3) I owe my body respect and protection. Subjects are instructed to recognize that most of the food they eat nourishes their body, but an excess damages it, and that they can use self-hypnosis to learn to eat with respect for their body...

Harold B Crasilneck PhD and James A Hall MD

CONTROL OF CHEMOTHERAPY SIDE EFFECTS Time will go by rapidly, your anxiety and fears will be much less . . . you can sleep for long periods of time during and following treatment . . . nausea and vomiting will be minimal however, if you have to vomit you can . . . should you be asleep when you need to vomit you can awaken, vomit, and immediately go back to a deep, restful, peaceful sleep . . . time will pass by quickly . . . hours will seem like minutes . . . there will be little discomfort and...

Hypertension Gastrointestinal Disorders Premenstrual Syndrome and Psychosomatic Disorders

There are some conditions where hypnosis has proven particularly beneficial. While suggestions were not submitted in some of these areas, you should be aware of the potential benefits of hypnosis with these problems. One of these areas is hypertension. Hypertension has been benefited by deep muscle relaxation (e.g., Taylor, Farquhar, Nelson, & Agras, 1977), meditation (e.g., Benson, Rosner, Marzetta, & Klemchuk, 1974 Benson & Wallace, 1972) and hypnosis (Barabasz & McGeorge, 1978...

Gandors Garden

The sun is shining, the birds are singing, and there is a feeling of warmth in the air. Without prior warning, you come upon a large mound of freshly dug earth on one side of which is a round, partly open, wooden door. Curious, you approach the door. Looking inside, you see a downward sloping tunnel which, though dark, does have a glimmer of light emanating from the far end. You enter the tunnel, following it as it takes you down and down, deeper and deeper...

Childbirth Script

The script presented here was for a 36-year-old woman for her first pregnancy. She loved being at her grandmother's house near the ocean. The suggestions begin following an imagery induction to facilitate dissociation and deepening suggestions. distancing from feelings. Pay close attention to my voice. You have no cares or worries right now, all your cares and worries will just drift away. Notice one of the fluffy clouds above you floating in the sky. You can allow yourself to put your nervous...

Hypnotherapy with Sexual Dysfunction

Far too many therapists with a superficial knowledge of sex therapy techniques (e.g., sensate focus exercises, the squeeze technique) have been willing to treat dysfunctional patients. An elementary knowledge of traditional sex therapy or hypnosis techniques that has been gleaned from a book or brief workshop is inadequate preparation for ethical practice. The hypnotherapist wishing to treat sexual dysfunctions must first master an extensive and complex body of literature on the evaluation of...

Hypnotic Technique With Impotency

As early as 1954, the author used hypnotic induction and the suggestion of catalepsy arm rigidity to one of the patient's arms, in order to demonstrate the control and strength his unconscious mind has over this part of his body. The patient is requested to open his eyes, feel the cataleptic arm with his normal hand (in order to prove that he had achieved this physiological cataleptic rigidity), and is told that this power which he displays over another part of his body could be easily...

Structuring Expectations

It is essential to pay attention to the patient's expectations. One who expects to feel nothing during treatment may be quite upset to feel something, interpreting any sensation as pain. Anticipating this is part of paying adequate attention to detail. It might be explained in this way. Analgesia is like turning down the rheostat, the dimmer, to where sensation is tolerable, even comfortable. Anesthesia is like turning off the switch. It's possible you might feel a little something. If you were...

Hypnosis with Emotional and Psychiatric Disorders 309

Suggestive Techniques with Emotional Disorders 312 Hypnotherapeutic Technique for the Reduction of Guilt The Door of Forgiveness Helen H. Watkins 312 Dumping the Rubbish H. E. Stanton 313 The Red Balloon Technique D. Corydon Hammond 313 Edelstien's Fusion of Extremes Technique D. Corydon Hammond 315 Scenes for Facilitating Self-Understanding H. E. Stanton 316 Meeting an Inner Adviser David E. Bresler 318 Responsibility to a Fault A Metaphor for Overresponsibility Michael D. Yapko 320 Different...

Implication

Implication is a difficult to define but important method of indirect suggestion. Rather than directly suggesting an effect, you may merely imply or assume that it will take place. For instance, in deepening a trance, you may ask, What color are the flowers This implies and assumes that the patient is capable of visualizing. Similarly, a patient may be told, When you're aware of noticing some of the sounds of nature around you, like the wind in the trees and the birds singing, just nod your...

Gate Control Theory Metaphor

The more sensations that your unconscious mind has options to produce, the more likely these other sensations are to occur. Your unconscious mind can relax all the nerve and muscle fibers in the area of your body where there is tension or pain. It can also interrupt the pathways which travel from the site of the injury, to the spinal cord, up the back of the spinal cord, through the brain stem and into the pain reception area. There are many, many gates which these pain impulses must pass...

The Collagen Metaphor

And sometimes when there has been a particularly deep scar, with modern techniques and advancements, our healers of today have learned how to overcome that. For instance, we can take some collagen, and inject it, which is, of course, a little painful. But that little pain that is causejd by the doctor is well worth it, because we have discovered now how to inject new things into that space, so that new tissue grows to replace the old, gaping hole. And it fills in with new life, so that the scar...

T

.A. here are many methodsJLor woryngjiygnojjcally with anxiety disor- ders. Occasionally, directsuggestions for relief of anxiety or phobjasjrove effective_(e.g., Horowitz, 1970 Marks, Gelder, & Edwards, 1968 Naruse, 1965). When direct suggestions are ineffective, there are many other suggestive hypnotic techniques that may be productive. The patient may be taught to dissociate from anxiety proyoking circumstances This may be accomplished through imagining floating away to a tranquil...

Robert C Mashman PhD

These are nonspecific suggestions for change intended to activate the client's own abilities in selecting and implementing a necessary change. They are intended to potentiate the effect of subsequent suggestions. These suggestions define change as pervasive, positive, and unconsciously determined. In addition, they redefine feelings of anxiety and confusion as signs of positive unconscious activity. Discomfort is reframed as an epiphenomenon of natural, normal unconscious work. Now change is...

Formulating Hypnotic And Posthypnotic Suggestions

In this chapter we will overview the major principles and guidelines involved in formulating effective hypnotic suggestions. Afterwards, we will discuss different types of suggestions that may be constructed and how to phrase suggestions. Finally we will examine the process of how you may present a series of suggestions in order to production different hypnotic phenomena. Keep in mind that hypnotic suggestions may be directed toward behaviors, emotions, sensations and physiologic processes,...

William T Reardon MD

If you would like to improve your power of comprehension, concentration, memory, and recall, practice your relaxation self-hypnosis for one-and-one-half to two minutes just before you start to study, take an examination, have an interview, or do anything that is usually disconcerting to you. When you open your eyes, you will be able to concentrate on the work that is to be done. Concentrate to such a degree that you will absorb the material like a sponge taking up water, making an indelible...

Progressive Relaxation Induction or Deepening Technique

I'd like you to begin by just resting back, very comfortably, and closing your eyes. Just rest back in the way that is most comfortable for you right now, just resting your hands on your thighs, or on the arms of the chair. And as you just settle back comfortably, this will be an opportunity for you to become even more comfortable, and to experience a hypnotic state, very easily, and very gently, and very comfortably. And as you rest back, you can begin noticing the feelings, and sensations in...

The Tropical Island

In this tropical island fantasy, you visualize yourself standing beside a jungle pool into which a waterfall is splashing. You slide into the pool, finding the water warm and inviting. This warmth begins at your feet and calves, then your thighs, body, arms, and neck as you wade in further, immersing yourself completely. As you swim towards the waterfall, you notice a flat rock, large enough to stand upon. This you do, allowing the warm water from the waterfall to cascade over your body,...

David Waxman Lrcp Mrcs

One of the most important factors in successful treatment is to be found in strength ening the patient's desire and motivation to stop the habit. This is equally necessary in child, adolescent or adult, first in the waking state, and subsequently repeated during hypnosis. Once again, the deeper the trance, the more rapid and effective treatment is likely to be. The procedure seems to be particularly successful when the patient is female As you grow up . . . you will become more and more...

The Underlying Therapeutic Philosophy Integrative Hypnotherapy

Certainly this edited work reflects some of my own philosophy of psychotherapy, which is one of broad spectrum, eclectic treatment. Reli ance on a limited range of methods and one approach appears to often be associated with inexperience as a therapist (Auerbach & Johnson, 1977 Fey, 1958 Parloff, Waskow, & Wolfe, 1978 Strupp, 1955 Wogan & Norcross, 1985). In fact, research has found that it is the most highly experienced therapists who ascribe to an eclectic approach (Norcross &...

Stanislav Kratochvil PhD

The following suggestions were given to subjects following hypnotic induction, deepening, and the production of a variety of hypnotic phenomena. (Ed.) 1. You will remain in hypnosis until I repeat three times the word zero. You cannot return to your normal state without this signal. Another person would be able to bring you back to your normal state only by repeating this word ten times. 2. You will behave and live in the hypnotic state in the same way as if you were not in hypnosis. You will...

Cognitive Reframing Suggestions For Increasing Impulse Control

Rational-emotive therapy (RET) concepts that are usually discussed at a conscious level may also be reinforced hypnotically, and recorded on self-hypnosis tapes for patients. Spiegel and Spiegel (1978) have also provided some valuable suggestions about choosing to ignore urges or cravings, focusing instead on respecting the body. These suggestions encourage detachment and externalization of the urge. The following suggestions for increasing impulse control illustrate the adaptation of RET...

Hypnosis To Overcome Resistance

As already mentioned, one of the major difficulties in psychotherapy of anorexic patients is overt or covert resistance. At the very beginning of therapy, the patient will object to any pressure to increase food intake and direct suggestions may actually antagonize her. When hypnotherapy is present as a tool for weight control, it is often accepted. Properly presented, self-hypnosis will pose no threat to the patient's personal sovereignty, since it becomes a means of gaining further control...

Marlene E Hunter MD

These suggestions were also prepared for use in stroke patient rehabilitation. A similar approach may also be used for the aphasic patient for relearning language and how to speak. These suggestions may also be combined with the previous ones. (Ed.) Today I'm going to talk about learning. But I'm going to talk about it in a rather different way. I'm going to talk about learning how to do something you already know how to dol Catching attention with an unusual statement. Setting the background...

Covering All Possibilities Of Response

Giving a suggestion that covers all the possible types of response that a patient may make is most valuable when you wish to focus patient responsiveness in a certain direction. This is a fail-safe approach because virtually any response is defined as successful and hypnotic. This is especially valuable when you don't know the patient well and are initially exploring his responsiveness and identifying his hypnotic talents. Here is an example of this type of suggestion Shortly your right hand,...

Control of Salivation

The flow of saliva increases when there is food in the mouth to be eaten. This is the beginning of the digestive process. There is now no food present to be digested. Therefore your excessive salivation is not useful and is undesirable. Visualize in your mind's eye a water faucet turned on full. Then see yourself turning the handle of the faucet until there is no more water coming through at all. Swallow the saliva which is in your mouth, and notice how dry your mouth becomes. Then turn the...

Symbolic Imagery Techniques Indications and Contraindications

There is a category of hypnotherapy techniques that I refer to as symbolic imagery techniques. It appears that a hypnotic state allows a suspension of our generalized reality orientation so that imagination may be used to powerfully influence thoughts and feelings. These techniques seem most effective with individuals who are responsive to both visual and, secondarily, kinesthetic imagery. Thus, in hypnosis, imagery experiences that might otherwise seem superficial and silly may often produce...

David B Cheek MD

In a retrograde study of abortion sequences some years ago, I found that more than half of the women started their bleeding and expulsive contractions during the night, usually between one and four in the morning. The majority of those who started during the day revealed, during age regression, their belief that the process really originated with troubled dreams repeated for several nights prior to the abortion. Fortunately, thought sequences capable of causing abortion very rarely do so the...

Truisms For Developing Anesthesias

Erickson discussed the tremendous amount of learning you have acquired during your lifetime of experience in developing anesthesias throughout your entire body. For example, as you sit and listen to me now, you've forgotten the shoes on your feet . . . and now you can feel them you've forgotten the glasses on your nose . . . and now you can feel them you've forgotten the collar around your neck . . . and now you can feel it . . . You listen to an entertaining lecture, and you forget about the...

Jean Holroyd PhD and Ezra Maguen

Holroyd and Maguen (1989) reported the only known successful treatment through hypnosis of a patient who was unable to close her eyelids at night. This condition caused corneal irritation and erosion. Lagophthalmos consists of incomplete eyelid closure, most commonly associated with thyroid ophthalmopathy, but also occurring with ectropion, conjunctival cicatricial diseases, facial nerve palsy, tumors involving the seventh nerve nucleus, and orbital space-occupying lesions. Nonhypnotic...