Cultivating the seven factors of enlightenment

These seven factors of enlightenment are mental conditions that come together at the moment of illumination. They are separately treated so that we may study each in more detail and apply it according to circumstances. Much has been written on these elsewhere and here, we shall mention the conditions given in the Satipatthana commentary. 1 Mindfulness Factor of Enlightenment (Sati Sambojjhanga) This is right mindfulness of the Noble Eightfold Path, ie of the Four Foundations of Mindfulness. It...

Satipatthana Vipassana Meditation

In many Buddhist traditions, insight meditation is based on the Four Foundations of Mindfulness as mentioned in the Satipat- The uniqueness of the Burmese Mahasi approach lies in the using of the rising and falling movements of the abdomen (as one breathes) as a main object for the beginner. Later, more of the other objects are used. There is considerable flexibility and variation in the instructions given by different teachers. Therefore, in many instances, the decision on what step to take...

Mindfulness Of Feelings Vedananupassana Satipatthana

Mindfulness of feelings, when developed, overcomes the hallucination of happiness (ie taking what is not happiness for happiness). In order to break this hallucination, we have to see the truth of suffering. One way in which suffering manifests itself clearly is through pain. Pain is also usually the clearest (though not pleasant) mental phenomenon that appears to a beginner. It offers the meditator something interesting to be mindful of. The danger is in reacting with anger or irritation...

Concentration due to investigation and determined striving or enthusiasm

Accomplishment can come to people with strong good understanding and maturity of the mind. He is one who knows and is able to see into things. To reach the goal, you must get rid of the shackles and callousities. Build up the four bases for success. Through the force of practice, bring up all those mental powers. Push your one-pointedness on and on, day after day unrelentingly. To give you an understanding of how a person really strives to gain that realisation, the sutta...

Taking into consideration the seven suitabilities

The external environment around can influence greatly the minds of those who are less than a veteran. And even if he is one, a proper choice of these conditions could bring better results. Briefly, the seven suitabilities are A balanced diet suitable to the health of the individual would be the sensible choice. We also have to consider it from the point of defilements, ie food that does not arouse craving. Then there is the consideration of morality. The important point here is the motive and...

Preliminary Concentration Meditations

There are, however, cases where these defilements are very stubborn. When defilements are very thick, you may have to tackle it with more seriousness. Take for example, people who are very troubled by certain problems. These problems are very nagging and if not taken care of, they may become psychological problems. Usually, it will not happen but if it does, you have to take special care. That is why it is recommended that in the beginning of the sitting meditation, one may do one or more of...

The Main Aim Is Purification

Whatever experiences we come across, no matter how pleasant, how wonderful, or how profound, they are just to be noted. What is important here is that the main objective for all these experiences is purification. Purification comes about through seeing non-self in all things. That means you abandon the clinging to all these mind and body processes. Not just a gross clinging but all the very fine and deep-seated clinging. When all this clinging that is deep within us is abandoned, then what is...

By use of resolutions or aspirations

The power of resolution is not unknown. By making resolutions, the mind and mental formations and energies are inclined to achieve that aim. In a way, it is also an assertion of the will, the most important mental conditioner. It is like feeding a programme for a computer to go in a certain direction. The making of resolutions allows us to exert control over things otherwise beyond our reach. The mind is very powerful and can work wonders beyond our normal conscious awareness. Concentration is...

Sceptical Doubts Vicikiccha

Vicikiccha, the fifth hindrance, refers to the confused and perplexed state of mind that makes one sceptical and disbelieve what is true in this case, the Triple Gem . One should, however, differentiate this from i the healthy doubts as referred to in the Kalama Sutta doubting what should be doubted. This latter case is actually the wisdom faculty trying to understand the way. Sceptical doubt arises in one who thinks beyond his ability to do so. The Dhamma is beyond logical reasoning that works...

Two Different Paths

The path you are going to take depends on whether you emphasise concentration or mindfulness. Concentration is holding the mind to the object. Mindfulness is observing the nature of the object carefully. Herein lies the difference. Let's take the example of holding a mirror up to your face. When you hold the mirror to your face and you can look into it for a long A disciple of the Buddha, Concentrated, clearly comprehending And mindful, knows searches And the origin of searches, Where they...

Mindfulness Of Mental Objects Dhammanupassana Satipatthana

This foundation of mindfulness is called dhammanupassana. Satipatthana covers a wide field of meditation objects. Dhamma itself has been translated as mind object and it includes virtually everything, including Nibbana. Some objects within the other Diligent, devoted to the higher mind, A sage trained in wisdom's ways, There are no sorrows for the stable one Who is calm and ever mindful. foundations of mindfulness also come under this foundation, and when thus reckoned, they are classified as...

Mindfulness Of The Body Kayanupassana Satipatthana

Mindfulness with regards to the body is usually practised first before the other three Satipatthana of feelings, consciousness and mental objects . This is because the objects involved in mindfulness of the body are relatively grosser. It is easier to build up mindfulness on gross objects than subtle ones. Some of the objects contemplated upon parts of the body, breath and corpses are basically to do with pure tranquillity exercises. From tranquillity, one later advances to the practice of...

Fears

As a result of this fear, some people stop meditating, thus stalling their progress in meditation. But this is by no means a groundless fear. People may go off' for a variety of reasons. We may generalise them into two categories abnormal behavioural tendencies and wrong practice. i Abnormal behavioural tendencies Deep within our mind lie hidden latent tendencies both good and evil that may be accumulations of not only this present life but those from past...

Consciousness Mental Objects Cittanupassana Dhammanupassana

The third foundation of mindfulness is mindfulness of consciousness or mind. At this point, we will not try to differentiate between what we call mind and mental states. To digress a little on this matter there is a fourth foundation of mindfulness regarding Dhamma, translated as mental objects. This fourth foundation of mindfulness is more general and there are different interpretations of what it means. Generally, there are two types of interpretations. One interpretation is that Dhamma means...

The Four Foundations Of Mindfulness

In the discourse of the Four Foundations of Mindfulness, one can find the objects of Vipassana classified into four categories 1 Body Foundation of Mindfulness Material Phenomena Rupa 2 Feeling Foundation of Mindfulness Feeling Vedana 3 Mind Foundation of Mindfulness Consciousness Citta 4 Dhamma Foundation of Mindfulness Generally, these are of progressive subtleties and so, usually the meditator would tend to see more of the first foundation then increasingly more of the second, then the third...

Body Contemplation As Foundation Of Mindfulness Kayanupassana Satipatthana

Within this foundation are various chapters 5 four elements earth, fire, water, and wind elements 6-14 cemetery contemplation of corpses at different stages of It is clear that some of them are initially pure tranquillity meditation exercises but are later switched to insight meditation in the closing verse of Satipatthana Sutta He lives contemplating origination-things in the body, or he lives contemplating dissolution-things in the body, or he lives contemplating origination and...