Traditional Endof Retreat Talk to Donors Organizers and Helpers

The offering which produces full fruition, and 2. The offering which produces no fruition. Which type of offering do you prefer Please answer. I would like to explain the Buddha's wishes for his disciples (savaka), regarding offering in this dispensation. Your wish and the Buddha's wish may be the same or different. Let us look at the Dakkhinavibhanga Sutta 'On one occasion the Buddha was living in the Sakyan country, at Kapilavatthu in Nigrodha's Park. Then Mahapajapatigotami went to the...

Question

(The following questions are all covered by the same answer.) 1. Was there a bodhisatta during the Buddha's time If so, did he attain any path or was he just a worldling 2. Why can a noble one (ariya) not become a bodhisatta 3. Can a disciple (savaka) change to become a bodhisatta If not, why not 4. When by following the Sayadaw's teaching one is able to attain the Path and Fruition Knowledges of Stream-Entry (sotapatti-magganana and sotapatti-phalanana), can one choose to not do so, because of...

The Three Rounds of Dependent Origination

The twelve links of dependent-origination (paticcasamup-pada) can be said to comprise three rounds (vatta) 1. The round of defilements (kilesavatta) 2. The round of kamma (kammavatta) - volitional formations (sankhara) - kamma-process becoming (kammabhava) 3. The round of results (vipakavatta) - mentality-materiality (namarupa) 7. Editor The psychic power, Recollection of Past Lives (Pubbe-nivasanussati Abhinna) enables you to see 1) Supramundane states (lokuttaradhamma), the four path...

Questions Answers

Question 4.1 Is a bodhisatta, including Arimetteyya bodhisatta, a worldling (puthujjana) If Arimetteyya bodhisatta is a worldling like us, then at the time for him to come down to become Metteyya Buddha, what is the difference between the conditions for him to become a Buddha and for us Answer 4.1 the difference is that his paramis have matured, like for our Sakyamuni Buddha as the bodhisatta Prince Siddhattha. Such bodhisattas will for many live have been fulfilling their paramis, such as the...

How You Develop Mindfulnessof Breathing

The development of mindfulness-of-breathing (anapanasati) is taught by the Buddha in the Mahasatipatthana Sutta (The Greater Discourse on Foundations of Mindfulness) of Digha Nikaya (Long Discourses). He says 'Bhikkhus, here in this Teaching a bhikkhu having gone to the forest, or to the foot of a tree, or to an empty place, sits down cross-legged and keeps his body erect and establishes mindfulness on the meditation object only mindfully he breathes in and only mindfully he breathes out. 1....

Talk given on Vesakha

The Buddha spent his last rains (vassa) in the village of Beluva. At that time there arose in him a severe affliction. On the full-moon day of Vassa, a sharp and deadly back pain came upon him, because of previous kamma. In one of his past lives, the bodhisatta, who was to become Sakyamuni Buddha, was a wrestler. Once he threw down an opponent and broke the opponent's back. When mature, that unwholesome kamma (akusala-kamma) produced its result, which was ten months before the Buddha's...

Repulsiveness Meditation Asubha

To develop the repulsiveness meditation on a corpse, you should re-establish the fourth jhana with either the white kasina or mindfulness-of-breathing. When the light is bright and clear, use it to visualize the most repulsive corpse of your own sex, that you remember seeing. Use the light to see the corpse exactly as it was when you really saw it in the past. When it is clear, make it appear as repulsive as possible. Concentrate on it, and note it as, 'repulsive, repulsive' (patikula,...

The Seven Ways for Mentality Arupa Sattaka

In the seven ways for mentality, you see the three characteristics in the insight-minds, the mentality, which have seen the three characteristics in the seven ways for materiality. This means, your object is in each case an insight-mind. You see it with a subsequent insight-mind. The seven ways for mentality are 1. To see the three characteristics in the materiality of the seven ways for materiality, but to see that materiality as a group. You then see the three characteristics in the mentality...

The Seven Ways for Materiality Rupa Sattaka

To see the three characteristics in the materiality of this entire lifetime, from rebirth-linking to death, both internally and externally. 2. To see the three characteristics in the materiality of different periods in this lifetime, both internally and externally. You consider this lifetime to be a hundred years, and divide it into three periods of (approximately) thirty-three years. Then see the three characteristics in each period, by seeing that the materiality in one period arises and...

How You Discern External Mentality

The fourth stage is to now discern mentality also externally. Begin by discerning the four elements internally, and then externally, in the clothes you are wearing. You will see that your clothes break down into kalapas, and that you are able to discern the eight types of materiality in each. They are temperature-produced nutritive-essence-octad kalapas (utuja-ojatthamaka-kalapa), and the temperature they arise from is the fire-element in each external kalapa. You should alternate between the...

How You Analyse Rupa Kalapas

Rupa kalapas fall into two groups a transparent group and an opaque group. Rupa kalapas which contain one of the five material transparent-elements (pasada-rupa) are transparent. All other rupa kalapas are opaque. You should first discern the four elements, earth, water, fire, and air, in individual transparent and opaque rupa kalapas. You will find that the rupa kalapas arise and pass away very, very quickly, and will be unable to analyse them, because you still see them as small particles...

How You Discern the Past

To discern the past, you begin by making an offering of either candles, flowers, or incense at a pagoda, or to a Buddha image. You should make a wish for the rebirth you desire, for example, to become a monk, nun, man, woman, or deva. Afterwards, you should go and sit in meditation, develop concentration, and discern in turn internal and external mentality and materiality. This is necessary, because if you cannot discern external mentality and materiality, you will have great difficulty...

Introduction

In my last talk, I explained briefly how to discern dependent-origination according to the fifth and first methods. Today, I would like to explain briefly how to develop insight-knowledges to see Nibbana. There are sixteen insight-knowledges (nana) which need to be developed progressively in order to see Nibbana. The first insight-knowledge is the Knowledge of Analysing Mentality-Materiality (namarupa-pariccheda-nana). I explained this knowledge in my previous talks when I explained how to...

The Knowledge of Arising and Passing Away Udayabbaya Nana

The Knowledge of Arising and Passing-Away of formations consists of two the causal (paccayato) and the momentary (khanato) arising and passing-away of formations. That is, of mentality-materiality, the five aggregates, the twelve bases, the eighteen elements, the Four Noble Truths, dependent origination, internally and externally, in the present, past and future. To see the causal is, for example, to see it according to the fifth method of dependent origination, as described in my previous...

How You Analyse Transparent Elements Materiality

The organ of the eye contains several kinds of rupa kalapa, like rice flour and wheat flour mixed together. In the eye there are two kinds of transparent-element mixed together, the eye transparent-element and body transparent-element. This means that the eye-decad-kalapa (cakkhu-dasaka-kalapa), and body-decad kalapa (kaya-dasaka-kalapa) are mixed. The body-decad kalapas contain the body transparent-element, and are spread throughout the six sense-bases. They are mixed with the eye-decad...

The Base of Boundless Space

To develop the four immaterial jhanas, you should first reflect upon the disadvantages of materiality. The human body produced by the sperm and egg of your parents is called the produced-body (karajakaya). Since you have a produced-body, you are open to assault with weapons such as knives, spears, and bullets, and to being hit, beaten, and tortured. The produced body is also subject to many diseases, of, for example, the eyes, ears, and heart. So you should consider with wisdom that, because...

How You Develop Four Elements Meditation

In the Pali texts, there are two ways to develop four-elements meditation in brief and in detail. The brief is for those of quick understanding, and the detailed for those who have difficulty with the brief one. The Buddha taught the brief method in the Mahasatipatthana Sutta (Greater Discourse on Foundations of Mindfulness) 'A bhikkhu reviews this very body, however it be positioned or placed, as consisting of just elements, thus, There are in this body just the earth- element, the...

The White Kasina

It says in the suttas, that the white kasina is the best of the four colour kasinas, because it makes the mind clear and bright. For that reason, I shall explain how to develop that one first. To develop the white kasina, you should first re-establish the fourth anapana-jhana. When the light of concentration is bright, brilliant, and radiant, you should use it to discern the thirty-two parts of the body internally, then the thirty-two parts of the body externally, in a being nearby. Then...

Offerings to the Sangha Sanghika Dana

The Buddha then explained to the Venerable Ananda 'There are seven kinds of offerings made to the Sangha, Ananda. - One makes an offering to a Sangha of both bhikkhus and bhikkhunIs headed by the Buddha this is the first kind of offering made to the Sangha. - One makes an offering to a Sangha of both bhikkhus and bhikkhunIs after the Buddha has attained Parinib-bana this is the second kind of offering made to the Sangha. - One makes an offering to a Sangha of bhikkhus this is the third kind of...

Recollectionof Death Marananussati

According to the Mahasatipatthana Sutta Greater Discourse on Foundations of Mindfulness and the Visuddhimagga Commentary, the recollection-of-death can also be developed using a corpse you remember seeing. Therefore, you should re-establish the first jhana with the repulsiveness of a corpse, and with that external corpse as object, reflect 'This body of mine too is of a nature to die. Indeed, it will become dead just like this one. It cannot avoid becoming like this.' By keeping the mind...

Namarupaparicchedanana

The Purification by Overcoming Doubt kankha-vita-rana-visuddhi . This is the Knowledge of Discerning Cause and Condition paccaya-pariggaha-nana , in other words, to see dependent-origination paticcasamup-pada . 5. The Purification by Knowledge and Vision of What Is and What Is Not the Path maggamagganana-dassana-visuddhi . This is the Knowledge of Comprehension sammasana-nana and Knowledge of Arising and Passing-Away udayabbaya-nana , which is the beginning of Vipassan . So before Vipassan...

How You Discern Jhana Thought Processes

If you have attained jhana with, for example, mindfulness-of-breathing, then the best place to start to discern mentality is the consciousness and mental-concomitants of that jhana. There are two reasons for this. The first reason is that when developing jhana, you discerned the five jhana factors, which means you have some experience in discerning those mental-concomitants. The second reason is that the jhana impulsion-consciousnesses jhana-javana-citta occur many times in succession, and are...

Lovingkindness Towards A Person You Like Respect

If you have attained the fourth jhana on mindfulness-of-breathing, or the white kasina, you should re-establish it until the light is bright, brilliant, and radiant. It is, with the light of particularly the white kasina fourth jhana, really very easy to develop lovingkindness-meditation. The reason is that with the concentration of the fourth jhana the mind is purified of greed, anger, delusion, and other defilements. After having emerged from the fourth jhana, the mind is pliant, workable,...

The Ten Kasinas The Colour Kasina

There are four colours used for kasina meditation blue, yellow, red, and white. 'Blue' nila can also be translated as 'black', or 'brown'. All four kasinas can be developed up to the fourth jhana by using as object the colours of different parts of the body. According to the Abhidhamma commentary, the head hairs, body hairs, and the irises of the eyes can be used for the blue, brown, or black kasina up to the fourth jhana fat and urine can be used for the yellow kasina blood, and flesh can be...

Itipi so bhagava araham sammasambuddho vijjacaranasampanno sugato lokavidu anuttaro purisadammasarathi sattha

This can be explained as This Blessed One, having destroyed all defilements, is a worthy one araham he has attained perfect enlightenment by himself sammasambuddho he is perfect in knowledge and moral conduct vijjacaranasampanno he speaks only what is beneficial and true sugato he knows the worlds lokavidu he is the unsurpassable tamer of men fit to be tamed anuttaro purisadammasarathi he is the teacher of devas and men sattha devamanussanam he is an Enlightened One buddho he is the most...