Book Ii

From the time of the birth of that son of his, who, the true master of himself, was to end all birth and old age, the king increased day by day in wealth, elephants, horses, and friends as a river increases with its influx of waters. 2. Of different kinds of wealth and jewels, and of gold, wrought or unwrought, he found 1 treasures of manifold variety 2 , surpassing even the capacity of his desires. 3. Elephants from Himavat, raging with rut, whom not even princes of elephants like Padma 3...

Book

The omniscient lion of the Sakyas then caused all the assembly, headed by those who belonged to the company of Maitreya 1 , to turn the wheel of the Law. 2. 'Listen, O company belonging to Maitreya 1 , ye who form one vast congregation--as it was proclaimed by those past arch-saints, so is it now proclaimed by Me. 3. These are the two extremes, O mendicants, in the self-control of the religious ascetic--the one that is devoted to the joys of desire, vulgar and common, 4. 'And the other which is...

Introduction

THE Sanskrit text of the Buddha-fcarita was published at the beginning of last year in the 'Anecdota Oxoniensia,' and the following English translation is now included in the series of 'Sacred Books of the East.' It is an early Sanskrit poem written in India on the legendary history of Buddha, and therefore contains much that is of interest for the history of Buddhism, beside its special importance as illustrating the early history of classical Sanskrit literature. It is ascribed to Ashvaghosha...

The Amitayur DhyanaSutra

As I did not succeed in getting possession of a MS. of the original Sanskrit text of this Sutra, I had given up all hope of being able to give in this volume a translation of all the classical texts used by the two leading sects of the Buddhists in Japan. Fortunately at the last moment a young Japanese scholar who is reading Sanskrit with me at Oxford, Mr. J. Takakusu, informed me that he possessed the Chinese translation of this Sutra, and that he felt quite competent to translate it. It so...

The Larger SukhavatiVYUHA

ACCORDING to the census of 1891 Japan has about forty millions of inhabitants, of whom more than thirty millions are Buddhists. Of these Buddhists the Shin-shiu sect claims about ten millions of followers, with 19,208 temples, and 11,958 preachers, with ten chief priests, and 3,593 students. The books on which the members of this sect chiefly found their faith are the two Sukhavati-vyuhas, the large and the small, and the Amitayur-dhyana-sutra. They are sometimes called the Large Sutra, the...