Vairocana Buddha

See also Adi-Buddha. W Jpn Dainichi. The Dharmakaya of Sakyamuni Buddha his Sam-bhogakaya being called Locana and Nirmanakaya, Sakyamuni. C. Luk Chan 244 The main Buddha in the Avatamsaka Sutra. Represents the Dharma Body of Buddha Shakyamuni and all Buddhas. His Pure Land is the Flower Store World, i.e., the entire cosmos. Literally 'Shining Out,' one of the five Celestial Buddhas of Maha-yana Buddhism. Although he did not become popular until around the...

Pure Land Buddhism Summary

See also Immortality Raigo Special Teaching Universal Method. Speak one sentence less of chatter Recite once more the Buddha's name. Recite until your false thoughts die and Your Dharma Body will come to life. Develop the Supreme Bodhi Mind Achieve single-mindedness Pure Land comprises the schools of East Asia which emphasize aspects of Mahayana Buddhism stressing faith in Amida, meditation on and recitation of his name, and the religious goal of being reborn in his 'Pure Land,' or 'Western...

Rebirth In The Pure Land

See also Bodhi Mind Proofs of Rebirth in the Pure Land Pure Land Buddhism (Summary) Ten Non-Seeking Practices Three Doubts and Four Narrow Passes. W The event of passing away (death, departure) from life in the human realm and being reborn in the Land of Bliss. Although this is a form of rebirth, it is an extraordinary form. For those who have complete faith in the Buddha Amitabha, rebirth is completely miraculous. Gomez 320 Mahayana sutras teach many ways to attain salvation and rebirth in the...

Proofs Of Rebirth In Pure Land

Syn Death Signs Post Mortem Omens Confirmatory Signs of Rebirth Rebirth Signs Omens of Pure Land Rebirth. See also Testimonials (Pure Land) Visions. Pure Land followers should strive earnestly for a response. The lives of sentient beings are ephemeral and easily cut short the ghost of impermanence waits for no one. Your hair is already streaked with white, your face has grown wrinkled. The marks of decay and old age are very clear, and death is but a short time away. Therefore, you should...

Human Lifehuman Rebirth

W To illustrate the extreme difficulty of rebirth in the human realm (as opposed to the lower realms of hell, hungry ghosts or animality), Sakyamuni Buddha compared it to the likelihood that a blind sea turtle, surfacing from the depths of the ocean only once every century, would encounter a tree trunk with a hole suitable for nesting. Skeptics beware millions of humans may be born each year in this world, but how many more million of viruses come into being each moment on a tiny mound of earth...

Twelve Divisions Of The Mahayana Canon See also Tripitaka

W The 12 kinds of Buddhist scriptures distinguished according to different styles of exposition (1) the Buddha's exposition of the Dharma in prose (sutra), (2) verses which repeat the ideas already expressed in prose (geya), (3) verses containing ideas not expressed in prose (gatha), (4) narratives of the past which explain a person's present state (nidana), (5) narratives of past lives of the Buddha's disciples (itivrittaka), (6) narratives of past lives of the Buddha (jataka), (7) accounts of...

Supportive Recitation

See also Buddha Recitation Death Pure Land School. W Vn Ho-Niem. Supportive Recitation is recitation performed by one or more Pure Land practitioners alongside a dying person, to assist him in achieving rebirth in the Pure Land. This is important for Pure Land practitioners as at the time of death, one is like a turtle being skinned alive. Filled with pain and fear, without the support of like-minded practitioners, one is likely to forget about Buddha Recitation and Pure Land rebirth. (I)...

L

(1869-1939) 399 Ladakh 399 Lalita-Visrara 399 Lama 400 Lamaism 401 Lamotte, Etienne 401 Lamp 401 Lamps and Torches 401 Land of Bliss 402 Land of Ultimate Bliss 402 Lankavatara Sutra 402 Larger Amitabha Sutra 402 Last Age 403 Last Disciple of Buddha 403 Law of Cause and Effect 403 Layman 403 Laywoman 404 Le Dynasty 404 Leader 404 Stage 404 Leaving Home 405 Leng-Yen Ching 405 Lesser Vehicle 405 Letting Go 405 Li Mei 406 Liberation in One Lifetime 406 Licchavi 409 Life Extension 409 Life...

Five Marks Of Decay

W Refers to symptoms of imminent death and rebirth in the Lower Realms, experienced by celestials and deities at the end of their transcendental lives, such as body odor, restlessness, etc. Please note that celestials and deities are still within the realm of Birth and Death - the Pure Land of Amitabha Buddha, being a Buddha land, is beyond Birth and Death. The Five Marks of Decay pertain to celestial beings (1) one's robes becoming dirty, (2) one's hair-flowers fading, (3) one's body smelling...

Buddha Recitation

See also Amitabha Buddha Remembrance Buddhanusmrti Koan of Buddha Recitation Namu Amida Butsu Oral Recitation Prayer Pure Land Buddhism (Summary) Pure Land School. W Chin Nien-fo jpn Nembutsu Vn Niem Phat. The terms Buddha Remembrance and Buddhanusmrti (q.v.) are sometimes used in the same sense as Buddha Recitation. The term Buddha Recitation has two meanings 1) Buddhanusmrti. To meditate on the Buddha. This is the so-called Kannen-nembutsu. 2) To invoke the name of the Buddha. This is the...

Ten Great Vows

Syn Vows of Samantabhadra Bodhisattva Ten Regal Vows. See also Four Great Vows Samantabhadra Vows Rebirth In Pure Land. W The famous vows of the Bodhisattva Samantabhadra in the Avatamsaka Sutra. These vows represent the quintessence of this sutra and are the basis of all Mahayana practice. Studying the vows and putting them into practice is tantamount to practicing the teachings of the Avatamsaka Sutra. Editor na In the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Bodhisattva Samantabhadra urges the youth Sudhana...

No Good Deed Goes Unpunished

W How do we reconcile bad happenings occuring to good people with the law of karma The general answer is that karma extends over many lifetimes, and therefore our present good deeds may attenuate the bad results of past misdeeds but not necessarily eliminate them completely. Editor na Buddhism of Wisdom & Faith excerpts Buddha Sakyamuni once said to his disciple, Ananda, 'Some people perform good deeds all their lives, but at the time of death are reborn in the hells others create bad karma...

Pure Land Buddhism within the Buddhist Spectrum

What was the relationship between Pure Land and the other forms of Buddhism in East Asia Pure Land teaching incorporated many of the standards and perspectives that were basic in popular Buddhism as a whole, deriving from the Buddhist scriptures. Pure Land teachers urged their listeners to observe the basic Buddhist moral code, to refrain from killing, stealing, lying, sexual excess, and intoxication. Strict vegetarianism was encouraged, as a corollary to the precept against taking life. Pure...

Nonretrogression

See also Human Nature Retrogression Ten Stages Tolerance of Non-Birth. W One who has reached the realization of emptiness (Tolerance of Non-Birth) will never regress from the Buddha Bodhisattva-path. Non-regression (non-retrogression) sometimes simply denotes an advanced stage of aspiration and practice from which one will never retreat. Chan 479 Not to turn back. Up to a certain stage in their development, all religious practitioners are subject to backsliding. The Bodhisattva, when he has...

Pure Land Buddhism as Otherworldly

Among the many varieties of Buddhism, the Pure Land teaching most deserves the epithet other-worldly, often erroneously applied to Buddhism as a whole. Pure Land doctrine teaches that this world is an arena of unavoidable suffering and frustration, and holds out the vivid prospect of rebirth in another, better world, where sickness, pain and death do not exist. This world is a hopeless trap, from which we can escape only by the power of Amitabha. Unless we attain rebirth in the Pure Land, peace...

Lotus Grades

See also Meditation Sutra Pure Land Buddhism (Summary) Raigo Three Pure Land Sutras. W The levels of rebirth in the Western Pure Land as described in the Meditation Sutra, a key Pure Land text. According to this sutra, there are nine grades, divided into three sets of three grades each. The more merits and virtues the practitioner accumulates, the higher the grade. However, according to the commentaries, the grades can also be considered as infinite in number, corresponding to the infinite...

North America Buddhism In

See also Buddhism Chicago Columbian Exposition. W NB Please read entry West (Buddhism in the) before the following Unlike the UK, where Theravada Buddhism has always had a strong presence (see Europe, Buddhism in), North America has always been predominantly Mahayana. The Pure Land school arrived early with Chinese and Japanese immigrants, followed at the beginning of the twentieth century by Zen. Proponents of the Meditation or Zen school were Japanese teachers, the most famous being D. T....

Hinduism

W The general name given to the social-cultural-religious system of the Indo-Aryans (who migrated into India just before the dawn of history). In its essence, Brahmanism advocates 1. Maintenance of the four castes (which assures the supremacy of the priestly cast, the brahmana). 2. Appeasement of the gods by means of rituals derived from the sacred Vedas (which have to be performed by brahmana ) 3. Fidelity to the theory of karma and reincarnation (almost...

Three Pure Land Sutras

See also Amitabha Sutra Longer Amitabha Sutra Meditation Sutra Pratyupanna Samadhi Pure Land School. W Pure Land Buddhism is based on three basic sutras a) Amitabha Sutra (or Shorter Amitabha Sutra, or Smaller Sukhavati-Vyuha, or the Sutra of Amida) b) Longer Amitabha Sutra (or Longer Sukhavati-Vyuha, the Sutra of Infinite Life, Muryoju-kyo) c) Meditation Sutra (or the Meditation on the Buddha of Infinite Life, the Amitayur Dhyana Sutra, Kammuryoju-kyo). The last chapter of the Avatamsaka Sutra...

Horizontal Escape

See also Special Teaching Universal Method Vows Rebirth in Pure Land. W Horizontal and vertical are figures of speech, which can readily be understood through the following example. Suppose we have a worm, born inside a stalk of a bamboo. To escape, it can take the hard way and crawl vertically all the way to the top of the stalk. Alternatively, it can poke a hole near its current location and escape horizontally into the big, wide world. The horizontal escape, for sentient beings, is to seek...

Koan Of Buddha Recitation

See also Koan. W The koan of Buddha recitation uses the invocation of Amitabha Buddha as a koan. At the very moment the name is uttered, it must be the focal point in respect to which all doubts and delusions are laid aside. At the same time you ask 'Who is this person reciting the Amitabha's name ' When you rely steadily on the koan, all illusions and confused thoughts will be broken down the way knotted threads are cut. When there is no longer any place for them to...

Death

See also Death and Burial Honen Rebirth in the Pure Land Right Thoughts Supportive Recitation Three Doubts and Four Narrow Passes. W The passage into the next life at the moment of death is a nearly impenetrable mystery for us who have not yet experienced it. There are published accounts of near-death experiences by people who have been resuscitated from clinical death . the religions of the world are nearly unanimous in describing an uncomfortable event The individual undergoes a judgment...

Pure Land Mandalas

See also Chiko Mandala Raigo Taima Mandala. W In the corpus of Jodo painting there is a group of works known as mandalas of the Pure Land. (Here the term 'mandala' has been adapted from its more familiar usage in esoteric Buddhist symbolism.) The three most celebrated Jodo mandalas are the Chiko mandala (q.v.), the Taima mandala (q.v.), and the Shokai mandala. In addition to these, there are a number of other Pure Land designs of this mandala type. The prototypes for these mandalas were...

Pratyutpanna Samadhi

See also Pure Land Buddhism (Summary). W (Vn Bat-Chu Tam-Muoi) The essence of this samadhi is that the Buddha is just the mind the mind creates all Buddhas. The Pratyutpanna samadhi is to be performed in isolation. The meditator selects and adorns a hall for practice, prepares all the necessary accoutrements of offering, and lays out various delicacies, fruit, incense, and flowers. Having washed himself thoroughly, he changes into a new set of robes, which are to be worn at all times in the...

Cloud Of Virtues Bodhisattva

See also Avatamsaka Sutra Pure Land Buddhism (Summary) Samantabhadra. W Name of a Bodhisattva in the Avatamsaka Sutra whose virtues are as immense as the sky and clouds. First of 53 wise advisors the Youth Sudhana (i.e., the Bodhisattva Sudhana) met on his journey to enlightenment. Taught the Youth Sudhana the Dharma door (school) of Pure Land. Editor na In the Avatamsaka Sutra the first wise advisor is Clouds of Virtues Bodhisattva and the last is Samantabhadra Bodhisattva. Both taught the...

Oral Recitation Ten Variations

Please read the entry Buddha Recitation (Methods) before the following excerpts from Buddhism of Wisdom & Faith (Master Thich Thien Tam) Oral Recitation is the most common Pure Land method at the present time. However, this method has many variations to accommodate the circumstances and capacities of the individual. A few of these variants are summarized below. 1. Reflecting The Name Recitation. With this technique, the ear catches the sound as the mouth recites, examining each...

Pure Lands As Realms

See also Pure Land Buddhism (Summary) Sukhavati. W In Mahayana Buddhism, Pure Lands are realms created by the compassion of a Bodhisattva or Buddha where beings may aspire to be born in order to complete the path to Enlightenment under more propitious circumstances. Batc 382 In Mahayana cosmology, there are virtually countless Buddhas, and so are there countless 'Pure Lands' where these Buddhas dwell. By their very nature, these Pure Lands are paradises, resplendent with manifold benefits and...

Paichang 712784 See also Pure Rules Tao An

Famous Chinese Ch'an master, known not only for the importance of his meditational attainment, but also for his rules regulating monastic behavior. Pai-chang was the Dharma heir of Ma-tsu Tao-i and the master of the well known disciple Kuei-shan Ling-yu, founder of one of the 'five houses' of Ch'an Buddhism. Prior to Pai-chang's rules, monks in China followed the Vinaya of the Dharmaguptakas, an Indian Buddhist school. Pai-Chang's system utilized the Vinaya emphasis of both...

Vegetarianism

W Buddhists hold life to be one and therefore sacred. They do not, therefore, kill for sport. For the Mahayana viewpoint, see Suzuki, Studies in the Lankavatara Sutra, pp.368-371. Hump 126 Killing sentient beings, including slaughtering animals for food, is among the heaviest transgressions in Buddhism. This is not only because such acts create untold pain and suffering but also because they cut short the lives of future Buddhas (as all sentient beings have a...

Tolerance Of Nonbirth

Syn Insight Into the Non-origination of Dharmas Insight Into the Non-arising of Dharmas. See also Non-retrogression Pure Lands (as Realms). W Skt Dharmanutpattika-ksanti (Vn Vo-sanh Phap-Nhan). Insight into the non-substantial nature of all phenomenal existence. Tana 249 Tolerance (insight) that comes from the knowledge that all phenomena are unborn. A Mahayana Buddhist term for the insight into emptiness, the non-origination or birthlessness of things or beings realized by Bodhisattvas who...

Practices and Vows of the Bodhisattva Samantabhadra

(Translated into Chinese by the Indian Master Prajna in the eighth century A. D.) At that time, having praised the exalted merits and virtues of Buddha Vairocana, the Bodhisattva Samantabhadra addressed the assembled Bodhisattvas, along with Sudhana, as follows Good men, even if all the Buddhas of the ten directions were to speak continuously, for as many eons as there are fine motes of dust in an incalculable number of Buddha-lands (worlds), the merits and virtues of the Buddha could never be...

Easy Path Of Practice

See also Difficult Path of Practice Easy Practice Chapter Other Power Pure Land School Universal Method. W Refers to Pure Land practice. The Easy Path involves reliance on the power of the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas, in particular Buddha Amitabha ('other-power') in addition to one's own cultivation ('self-power'). Usually contrasted with primary reliance on self-power (Difficult Path of Practice), taught in other Buddhist schools. Simultaneous reliance on self-power and other-power distinguishes...

Buddhist Churches Of America

See also Jodo School Jodo Shinshu School Shinran. W The name in western countries of the Japanese Jodo Shinshu ('True Pure Land') tradition. In 1898 two informal missionaries from Hompa Honganji in Kyoto were sent to San Francisco on a fact-finding tour. Their report resulted in the arrival, the following year, of Reverend Shuei Sonoda and Reverend Kakuryo Nishijima who founded the (then called) Buddhist Mission of North America. Their organization ministered to the Japanese community in and...

Buddhism

See also Academic Study Agnosticism Art (Buddhist -) Ethics Hinduism Buddhism Materialism Politics Ultimatism. W The name given to the Teachings of Gautama Buddha but usually called by his followers the Buddha Dharma. Founded by the Buddha (ca. 560-480 B.C.) and established by him in North-West India, adopted by the Emperor Asoka as the religion of his empire and introduced by him into Sri Lanka and neighboring countries, it spread rapidly all over the East, eventually becoming a major religion...

Three Evil Paths

Syn Evil Paths Evil Planes of Existence Evil Realms. W The three lower states of Samsara hell-dweller, hungry ghost, and animal. To be born in a miserable state is the result of evil karma committed in a past life. When the retribution for that karma is completed, one will again be born in a higher state. Chan 479 The paths of hells, hungry ghosts, animality. These paths can be taken as states of mind i.e., when someone has a vicious thought of maiming or killing another, he is effectively...

Yoga

W A form of meditation developed in ancient India aimed at liberating one from the physical limitations of the body, or more broadly, from sufferings, by achieving concentration of mind and fusing with the truth. There are several schools of yoga which employ a variety of disciplines, including breath control, special postures, among others. Today some of the physical yogic disciplines are widely practiced for health and tranquillity of mind, without any particular religious motivation. Sokk...

Sex

See also Afflictions Love-Attachment Marriage Clergy Overeating. W Of all of the desires, sex is the strongest and most difficult one for meditation practitioners to cope with since it encompasses all other desires form, sound, smell, flavor, and touch , and in sex all of these desires are present in their most poignant form. Also, we need to be aware that it is just because of sex that we continually return to this world through rebirths. Cheng Kuan 65 Illustration There is an anecdote...

Is Pure Land A Mind Conceptualization

See also Intellect Mind-Created Mind-Ground Stanza that Destroys Hell Ten Non-seeking Practices Thoughts. W Key concept in all Buddhist teaching. Frequent term in Zen, used in two senses 1 the mind-ground, the One Mind the Buddha-mind, the mind of thusness . 2 false mind, the ordinary mind dominated by conditioning, desire, aversion, ignorance, and a false sense of self, the mind of delusion J. C. Cleary The ordinary, deluded mind thought includes feelings, impressions, conceptions,...

What Could We Do Other Than

W Question What can we do in times of war or if someone threatens our loved ones Answer It's best to seek other ways to handle difficult situations without resorting to violence. If we use our intelligence and creativity, we could probably find other solutions. Surely diplomacy is more effective than war. No matter how difficult our situation, we always have a choice of how to act. We can distract or injure someone rather than kill him or her. If there is a war, we can consider carefully what...

Mahayanatheravada

See also Mahayana Buddhism Mahayana Theravada Parable Theravada Buddhism. There are two main forms of Buddhism. The Theravada tradition - meaning the Teachings of the Elders - adheres to a strict understanding of the teachings of the historical Buddha. It teaches personal individual struggle to find the Path to enlightenment. This is hard, not often achieved and always takes years and many lives, to achieve. The other form of Buddhism is called Mahayana, the Great Vehicle tradition. This...

Taima Mandala

See also Chiko Mandala Pure Land Mandalas Raigo. W A Picture of the Pure Land of Amitabha preserved in Taima-dera in Nara prefecture Japan . The writing on this picture says that it is made of lotus threads. Dait 346 The Taima mandala, the most complex of the three Pure Land mandalas, derives in part from various illustrations based on two sutras, the Longer Amitabha Sutra and the Amitabha Sutra. Added to these influences, however, is the overwhelming impact of concepts such as the Sixteen...

Pratyekabuddha

W These Buddhas become fully enlightened by meditating on the principle of causality. Unlike the Perfect Buddhas, however, they do not exert themselves to teach others A. Buzo and T. Prince . Prince 81 In Buddhism, Pratyekabuddhas generally mean those who live in a time when there is no Buddha but who awaken to the Truth through their own efforts. Sokk 344 Note The vehicles of the Sravakas and Pratyekabuddhas are known as the Theravada or Southern Vehicle of Buddhism. Editors na 0277

Akasagarbha Bodhisattva

Syn Empty Store Bodhisattva Kokuzo Bodhisattva. See also True Emptiness Wonderful Existence Wish-fulfilling Gem. W Jpn Kokuzo A deity of wisdom, virtue and good fortune, whose activity is to fulfill all wishes. Her direction is south. The esoteric tradition considers this the direction from which all treasures come, and south is also associated with the Buddha Ratnasambhava Hosho , whose name means 'giving birth to treasure'. Kokuzo's name literally means 'repository of the void,' void here...

Devadatta

W A cousin of Sakyamuni Buddha and his most persistent enemy. According to the Pali Canon, he twice tried to kill him, as well as attempting to cause schisms in the Sangha community of Monks and Nuns . Hump 64 In the Mahayana canon particularly in the Lotus Sutra Devadatta is considered to be a Bodhisattva in disguise who through his constant needling of the Buddha helped the latter perfect his Enlightenment. Thus Devadatta is called an adverse-practice Good Spiritual Advisor.

Good Spiritual Advisor

See also Guru Lama Unsolicited Friend. W Kalyanamitras, Gurus, virtuous friends, wise persons, Bodhisattvas, Buddhas - anyone even an evil being who can help the practitioner progress along the path to enlightenment. This notwithstanding, wisdom should be the primary factor in the selection of such an advisor - the advisor must have wisdom, and both advisor and practitioner must exercise wisdom in selecting one another. Editor Tam 151-152 Each spiritual advisor in the Avatamsaka Sutra takes a...

Asita

W A hermit-sage of Kapilavastu, India. According to the scriptures, when Shakyamuni was born, King Shuddhodana asked Asita to examine the newborn child's physiognomy. Asita, perceiving the thirty-two features of a great man, foretold that if the boy remained in the secular world, he would become a wheel-turning supreme king by the age of twenty-nine, but if he renounced secular life, which was more probable, he would achieve supreme wisdom and attain Buddhahood. Asita lamented that since he...

Rebirth Treatise

Syn Commentary on the Longer Amitabha Sutra Treatise on the Pure Land. See also Bodhiruci Exclusion Clause India Buddhism in Vasubandu. W Vn V ng-Sanh Luan. A short treatise on the Longer Amitabha sutra written by Vasubandhu and translated into Chinese by Bodhiruchi in 529. It praises the Pure Land and encourages aspiration for rebirth in the Pure Land. This work is especially valued by the Pure Land school, along with the Three Pure Land Sutras. Sokk 194 In the Rebirth Treatise, Patriarch...

Three Bodies Of Pure Precepts

Syn Three Comprehensive Precepts Three Kinds of Pure Precepts. See also Bodhisattva Precepts Brahma Net Sutra. W Three groups of precepts which form the basis of all Bodhisattva practice 1 Do not what is evil, 2 Do what is good and 3 Be of benefit to all sentient beings. All Bodhisattva precepts and vows, or for that matter, all precepts derive ultimately from the Three Bodies of Pure Precepts. These precepts may in principle be administered to Buddhists in lieu of the full set of Bodhisattva...

Ordination

See also Bodhisattva Precepts Pratimoksa Sacerdotal Age. W Ordinations in Buddhism especially in Theravada are not considered life-long commitments. At any time, a monk or nun may voluntarily elect to leave the monastic community and return to lay life. Ordination, in Buddhism, is initiation into the Buddhist Order Sangha in the presence of witnesses i.e., members of Sangha , and self-dedication to monastic life. It is not necessarily life-long or unrepeatable. There are two kinds of Buddhist...

Ten Stagesbhumi

See also Dasabumika Sutra Fifty-two Levels of Bodhisattva Practice. W Ten Stages or Ten Bhumi through which the practitioner advances in Buddhist practice. In the system of the fifty-two or fifty-three levels of Bodhisattva practice, they are viewed as the forty-first through fiftieth levels. There are several 'ten stages' of varying content listed in different scriptures. The Avatamsaka Sutra divides Buddhist practice into ten Stages, as follows 1 the stage of joy Skt. Paramudita , in which...

Fiftytwo Levels Of Bodhisattva Practice

Syn Stages of Bodhisattva Practice Bodhisattva Stages. See also Ten Stages Three Worthy Positions. W Progressive levels through which a practitioner is said to advance, from the time of his first resolve until he finally attains Buddhahood. They are enumerated inter alia in the Avatamsaka Sutra and consist of ten levels of Faith Ten Faiths , ten levels of Dwellings Abodes , ten levels of Practices Conducts , ten levels of Dedication transferences , ten Stages or Grounds Bhumi , a level of...

Four Kalpas

W The four periods of time, each consisting of twenty small kalpas, during which worlds go through formation, destruction, and annihilation 1 the Kalpa of Existence vivarta-siddha kalpa , during which the sun and moon rise, sexes are differentiated, and social life evolves 2 the Kalpa of Destruction samvarta kalpa , during which fire, water, and wind destroy everything except the Fourth Dhyana Heaven 3 the Kalpa of Annihilation samvarta-diddha kalpa , during which nothing exists and 4 the Kalpa...

Potalaka Mountain India

W The name of a mountain located on the southern coast of India. It is believed that Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva manifested herself there. This belief is based on the Avatamsaka Sutra which refers to a mythical island of Avalokitesvara named Potalaka. Dait 65-66 Potalaka is a mountain where many small white flowers grow this represents the modesty and compassionate behavior of the Bodhisattva Note The popularity of Kuan-yin is such that two famous mountains with similar names, Potalaka in India...

Pure Land Buddhism

See also Ji School Pure Land Buddhism Summary . W 1239-89 . Known in Japan as the itinerant sage, because of his method of propagating Buddhism. An outstanding preacher and missionary of faith in Amitabha Buddha, his missionary journeys covered nearly the whole of Japan. Ippen combined relief work with his preaching he propagated the practice of repeating the Buddha name, with which he linked the idea that the believer is thus prepared for death at any moment. His followers formed a school,...

Chiko

See also Pure Land Mandalas Raigo Taima Mandala. W Name of an eighth-century Japanese monk from Gango-ji temple . The word is also applied to one of the three Japanese Pure Land mandalas stylized paintings , which this monk traditionally envisioned. Okaz 183 0636 The Chiko Mandala. Often called 'the first Pure Land mandala' because it is the oldest of the three Jodo mandalas the Chiko mandala can be traced to a legend from the eighth century . The earliest reference to this mandala as a Chiko...

Dasabhumika Sutra

Syn Ten Stages Chapter Avatamsaka Sutra . See also Avatamsaka Sutra Fifty-two Levels of Bodhisattva Practice W Mahayana text, the title of which translates to the 'Sutra on the Ten Stages.' It is the 26th chapter of a longer work known as the Avatamsaka Sutra, each circulating in its own right as an independent text. It is highly important in Mahayana practice because it clearly and thoroughly establishes the Ten Stages, or the last 10 of a total of 52 levels of cultivation, that the...

Ananda

See also Buddhist Councils Sunaksatra Tripitaka. W A cousin of the Buddha, the brother of Devadatta q.v. . One of the ten great disciples of the Buddha. Ananda accompanied the Buddha for more than twenty years and was the Master's favorite disciple. He attained enlightenment after the demise of the Buddha under the guidance of Mahakasyapa. He was famed for his excellent memory and recited the Sutra-Pitaka the sermons contained in the Tripitaka, q.v. at the First Buddhist Council. Dait 8 Ananda...

Jodo Shinshu School

See also Buddhist Churches of America Hoben Hosshin Son'ei Hongan-ji Jodo School Pure Land Buddhism Summary Shinran. W Japanese for 'True Pure Land school.' A school of Pure Land founded by Shinran Honen's best known disciple , based on the belief that exclusive reliance on the power of Amida, rather than one's own power, is the determining factor in achieving salvation. Jodo Shin rejects the monastic rules of traditional Jodo, permitting its priests to eat meat, live as laymen, marry, etc....

Amitabha Sutra

Syn Smaller Sukhavati-Vyuha Sutra Shorter Amitabha Sutra Sutra of Amida. See also Exclusion Clause Longer Amitabha Sutra Pure Land Buddhism Summary Three Pure Land Sutras. W Amitabha Sutra or Shorter Amitabha Sutra one of the three sutras that form the doctrinal basis for the Pure Land school in East Asia China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam etc . This sutra, also known as the short Sukhavati-vyuha, describes the simplest form of the practice of this school - recitation of Buddha Amitabha's name. Sham...

France Buddhism In

See also Europe Buddhism Huyen-Vi, Thich Lounsbery W 'Les Amis du Bouddhisme' was a Buddhist society founded in Paris in 1929 by Ms Constant Lounsbery. The Society was established under the inspiration of the late Master Tai Hsu q.v. of China, while the latter was on a visit to Europe. Famous French Buddhist scholars include Bigandet, Poussin, Sylvain Levi, Grousset, David-Neel, Demieville, Guenon, Benoit. Hump 80 Les Amis du Bouddhisme declined and ceased to function effectively by the end of...

Anagarika Dharmapala

See also World Parliament of Religions. W Name used by D. H. Hewavitarne, the famous Buddhist propagandist. Born in Ceylon in 1865, he joined the Theosophical Society in 1884. Inspired by H. P. Blavatsky he studied Pali, and in 1891 founded the Maha Bodhi Society. He then proclaimed himself as an Anagarika, a homeless wanderer, and worked hard for the main object of the Society, the restoration of Buddha Gaya into Buddhist hands, which was only achieved in 1949. In 1925 he founded the British...

Anathapindika

See also Golden-Colored King Jeta Grove. W Another name for Sudatta who lived at Sravasti, India, during the time of Sakyamuni Buddha. He was wealthy and often donated food and clothing to orphans and old people. Hence he was called Anathapindika or 'one who takes care of widows and orphans.' He presented Sakyamuni with the Jetavana-vihara Jeta grove or garden . Dait 84 The chief supporter of the Buddha was Anathapindika, the millionaire. Amongst lay followers he was regarded as the foremost...