Chapter III

Purification of View (Ditthivisuddhi) Purification of Mind is achieved by eliminating the five hindrances through the development of concentration. This can be done through either the vehicle of serenity or the vehicle of insight. The meditator in the vehicle of serenity aims at gaining either access concentration or absorption concentration pertaining to one of the eight levels of attainment the four jh nas and the four immaterial states. The vehicle of insight aims at gaining momentary...

Changeof Lineage Knowledge Gotrabhunana

During these three phases, the meditator's mind is working with formations as its object. He is seeing formations as impermanent, suffering or not-self. But with the next step, Change-of-Lineage Knowledge, a radical change takes place. As soon as Change-of-Lineage Knowledge occurs, the mind lets go of formations and takes Nibbana as its object. This knowledge gains its name because at this point the meditator changes lineage, that is, he passes from the rank of a worldling (putthujjana) to the...

Sotapanna In Past Life

PURifiCATiOn BY OVERCOMinG DOUBT (KAnKHAViTARANAViSUDDHi) During the time of the Buddha there were ascetics who had raised such sceptical doubts about life as From where has this being come What is his destiny etc. Even among those who could recollect their previous lives there were some who constructed misleading speculative theories. Some who had gained recollective knowledge and could see a limited number of their past lives went on to fabricate various speculative views concerning the past...

Introduction The Relay of Chariots

The path of practice leading to the attainment of Nibbana unfolds in seven stages, known as the Seven Stages of Purification (satta visuddhi). The seven in order are 1. Purification of Virtue (silavisuddhi) 2. Purification of Mind (cittavisuddhi) 3. Purification of View (ditthivisuddhi) 4. Purification by Overcoming Doubt (kankhavitaranavisuddhi) 5. Purification by Knowledge and Vision of What is Path and Not-Path (maggamaggananadassanavisuddhi) 6. Purification by Knowledge and Vision of the...

Knowledge by Comprehension Sammasananana

Following the Purification by Overcoming Doubt, but preceding the next purification, Knowledge by Comprehension sets in, which in turn leads to Knowledge of Arising and Passing Away. Knowledge of Arising and Passing Away occurs in two phases an undeveloped phase and a mature phase. In the undeveloped phase certain interesting phenomena occur to the meditator, encouraging in their own right but potential distractions from the correct path of practice these are called the ten imperfections of...

The Three Full Understandings Parinn

In the course of developing insight meditation, a meditator passes through three mundane lokiya stages of realization before he reaches the level of the supramundane lokuttara . These three stages, called the mundane full understandings, are designated 1 full understanding as the known n taparinn , 2 full understanding as investigating tiranaparinn , 3 full understanding as abandoning pah naparinn . 1 The plane of full understanding as the known extends from the Knowledge of Delimitation of...

The Obstructions and Aids to Concentration

A meditator intent on developing serenity concentration must first make an effort to sever the impediments to meditation. For meditative monks, the Visuddhimagga enumerates ten impediments palibodha A dwelling, family and gain, A class, and building too, as fifth And travel, kin, affliction, books, And supernormal powers ten.3 1. A dwelling can be an impediment to one who has many belongings stored there or whose mind is caught up by some business connected with it. 2. A family consisting of...

The Cognitive Series in Jhna and the Path

The cognitive series cittavlthi is an explanatory tool introduced in the Abhidhamma and the commentaries to account for the organization of acts of mind into purposive sequences. In the philosophy of mind underlying the Abhi-dhamma, the mental process falls into two general categories. One is passive consciousness, the other active consciousness. Passive consciousness consists of a succession of momentary mental states of a uniform nature, called the life-continuum bhavanga . This type of...

The Insight Knowledges

A Guide to the Progressive Stages of Buddhist Meditation The Venerable Mahathera Matara Sri Nanarama Buddhist Publication Society Kandy Sri Lanka Overview Translator's Preface List of Abbreviations Introduction The Relay of Chariots Purification of Virtue Silavisuddhi 18 Purification of Mind Cittavisuddhi 23 Aids to Concentration 2. The Stages of Concentration Purification of View Ditthivisuddhi 43 Kankhavitaranavisuddhi Purification by Knowledge and Vision of What is Path and Not-Path...