What is Vinaya

Vinaya is the disciplinary code for self-training laid down by the Buddha for monks and nuns to observe. Vinaya plays a pivotal role to ensure their pure religious way oflife. THE Buddha did not formulate the code of discipline in a single exercise. However, He instituted certain rules as and when the need arose. Vinaya Pitaka and its commentary contain many significant stories about how and why certain rules were laid down by the Buddha. According to the Buddha the best form ofVinaya was to...

Dreams and Their Significance

ONE of mankind's greatest unsolved problems is the mystery of dreams. From the very earliest of times people have tried to analyse dreams and have tried to explain them in prophetic and psychological terms, but while there has been some measure of success recently, we are probably no nearer the answers to the baffling question 'What is a dream ' The great English Romantic poet William Wordsworth had a startling concept that this life we live is merely a dream and that we will 'awake' to the...

Classification of Karma

Karma is classified in four ways according to 1. the time in which effects are worked out 4. the place in which the karmic effects transpire. There are moral and immoral actions which may produce their due effects in this very life. They are called Immediately Effective Dittha Dharma Vediniya Karma. If they do not operate in this life, they become ineffective Ahosi. There are some actions which may produce their effects in a subsequent life. They are termed Subsequently Effective Upapajja...

Salvation Through Arahantahood

Attaining Nirvana through Arahantahood is not selfish. CERTAIN Buddhists believe that to seek salvation by becoming an Arahant is a selfish motive because everyone, they claim, must try to become a Buddha in order to save others. This particular belief has absolutely no ground in the Teaching of the Buddha. The Buddha never mentioned that He wanted to save every living being in this whole universe. He offered His help only to those who were spiritually mature and willing to accept His Noble way...

What is Buddhism

All the other religions claim to have originated in heaven and descended to earth. Buddhism originated from an Enlightened mind on this earth and transcended the heavens. Buddhism is too vast and too profound to be neatly placed in any single mundane category. Of course, Buddhism includes philosophy and religion and a way of life. But Buddhism goes beyond these categories. The categories or labels given to Buddhism are like signboards that indicate the contents of what is available. If we...

Is Rebirth Simultaneous

Another difficult thing to understand about rebirth is whether rebirth occurs immediately upon the ending of the present life. This has been a controversial issue even amongst prominent Buddhist scholars. According to Abhidharma, rebirth (conception) takes place immediately after the death of a being without any intermediate state. At the same time, some others believe that a person, after death, would evolve into a spirit form for a certain number of days before rebirth takes place. Another...

The Significance of Paritta Chanting

Paritta chanting is the recital ofsome ofthe Sutras uttered by the Buddha in the Pali language for the blessing and protection ofthe PARITTA Chanting or Sutra Chanting is a well known Buddhist practice conducted all over the world, especially in Theravada Buddhist countries where the Pali language is used for recitals. Many of these are important sutras from the basic teachings of the Buddha which were recorded by His disciples. Originally, these sutras were recorded on ola leaves about two...

Nature of the Buddha

'Understood are the things to be understood, Cultivated are the things to be cultivated, Eradicated are the things to be eradicated, Therefore Brahmin, I am the Buddha.' As long, brethren, as the moon andsun have not arisen in the world,, just as long is there no shining forth a great light of great radiance. There prevails gross darkness, the darkness of bewilderment. Night is not distinguishable from the day, nor the month, the half-moon andthe seasons ofthe years from each other.' 'But,...

Soul Theories

WITH regard to the soul theory, there are three kinds of teachers in the world The first teacher teaches the existence of an eternal ego-entity that outlasts death He is the eternalist. The second teacher teaches a temporary ego-entity which becomes annihilated at death He is the materialist. The third teacher teaches neither an eternal nor a temporary ego-entity He is the Buddha. The Buddha teaches that what we call ego, self, soul, personality, etc., are merely conventional terms that do not...

Buddha Dharma Education Association

Buddhist Missionary Society Malaysia 123, Jalan Berhala, 50470 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Tel 603 2274 1889 1886 Fax 603 2273 3835 Email bmsm po.jaring.my 2002 K Sri Dhammananda All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.

His Renunciation

The renunciation of Prince Siddhartha was the boldest step that a man has ever taken. It was night. Siddhartha could no longer find peace. He strode through the halls of the palace and finally went to the king. He bowed and said to him 'Father, grant the request I have to make. Permit me to leave the palace to follow the path to deliverance, for all earthly things are changing and of short duration. So we must part, father.' 'Son, give up this idea. You are still too young for a religious...