Subject Selection

The securing of subjects was relatively easy, since any college population offers a wealth of volunteers. Two elements of selectivity were employed. All students taking psychology were excluded. All students who were acquainted with the author were excluded for the reason that they might know that he was interested in hypnosis. Both male and female undergraduates were employed, most of them by mere chance being sophomores. Among them there was a predominance of agricultural, home economics,...

Discussion Of The Results

The actual experimental results obtained in the formal experiment were invariable and consistent in character. All 750 somnambulistic subjects gave cursory attention to the walls of the room and then hung the suppositious picture in a relationship to the object itself, with a disregard of the existing realities. Impossible spatial relationships of the walls, or even merely empty space, did not constitute any kind of difficulty. Uninfluenced by the experimenter, all of the somnambulistic...

Not A Test Of Simulation

In view of the uniformly consistent results obtained in this experimental work, the reader might reach the conclusion that a reliable test for the detection of simulation has been devised. It must be emphasized that this experiment was not designed or devised to be considered as meeting in any way the criteria for a test for the existence of a state of hypnosis. Whereas the experimenter believes, and the results confirm, that hypnotic subjects behave in a basically different manner from waking...

Continuation Of Experimental Study

Some three months later the 31 subjects who did not complete the experiment that is, the 18 who had not been willing or able to begin and the 13 who had been frightened away were again approached individually with a new request. This request was that they participate in a new experiment namely, that of being hypnotized. All but one agreed, this one being in the first category of complete non-participation, and several agreed but seemingly reluctantly. (These included some of those who had been...

Scope Of Investigation And Experimentation Nature Extent And Illustrative Material

Various experiments were conducted with naive subjects, and the conclusion was repeatedly confirmed that neither the subjects nor the experimenter could be at all objective in such experiments. The attempts to investigate the nature and character of hypnotic phenomena would depend upon limiting such investigation to situations where undirected, unsuggested, completely spontaneous hypnotic behavior was manifested and where the unhypnotized subjects could respond with equally spontaneous waking...

Experimental Plan

As originally planned and executed, this early experiment to secure some of the answers to the intriguing questions confronting the seminar group was so organized that it did not involve the use of hypnosis. Rather, it was based upon a consideration of the concepts of introspection developed by E. B. Titchener, Wilhelm Wundt, W. B. Pillsbury, and others, and was organized as a direct inquiry into these concepts as a possible initial approach to a later identification of hypnosis or of some of...

Results Of Experimental Study

Returning now to the experimental study, the results obtained from both the waking and the hypnotic groups were consistently comparable within each of the two groups and consistently different in character for the different groups. The waking subjects viewed each of the four reality objects with no interest in their position at the moment. It made no difference to them whether, for example, the snapshot was on a windowsill, a desk, or a bookcase. They merely surveyed all four walls, visually...

Subjects

Although over 2,000 persons participated in this experiment, the original plan had called for only 300, of whom approximately 100 were to be somnambulistic subjects. Other work and experiments intervened and more subjects were added until it was realized that the original figure had been far surpassed. Difficulties of preparing the manuscript and some fortuitous circumstances resulting in a sudden acquisition of large numbers of new subjects through special teaching projects postponed the...

Definition And Explanation Of Problem To Be Investigated

It was eventually realized that the fundamental problem centered around the intriguing question of the significances of the reality situation in and out of the hypnotic trance that is, Do hypnotized people apprehend or perceive or sense their surrounding realities in the same fashion as do people not in the trance state Hull was emphatic in his statement, even emotionally so, that a somnambulistic hypnotic subject who was told to look, for example, at Person A (actually present, not a...