Discerning The Past

To discern the past the meditator begins by making an offering of either candles, flowers, or incense at a pagoda or in front of a Buddha image and making a wish to be reborn as a monk, nun, man, woman, deva or whatever he would like to become. Then he goes and sit in meditation and develops concentration and then discerns in turn mentality and matter that is internal and external. This is important for if the meditator cannot discern external mentality and matter he will have great difficulty...

The Base Consisting Of Boundless Space

To develop the four immaterial jhanas you should firstly reflect upon the disadvantages of matter. The human body that has been produced by the sperm and egg of your parents is called the produced body (karajakaya). Because of having a produced body (karajakaya) you are subject to being assaulted by weapons such as knives, spears, and bullets and subject to being beaten, punched, and tortured. The produced body is also subject to many different kinds of diseases such as diseases of the eyes,...

The Characteristic Of Being Molested By Change

This means that the rupas are changing in intensity from hot to cold, hard to soft, rough to smooth, but their natural characteristic of hardness, flowing, heat, and support does not change. When it is hot the intensity of heat in the rupas in the body can increase to unbearable levels, and when it is cold the coolness can reach unbearable levels. Thus there is an constant changing of intensities in rupas in a kalapa as they continuously molest each other internally and externally. 1. Before...

The Four Arupajhanas

Once you have attained the four jhanas with each of the ten kasinas then you can proceed to develop the four arupa jhanas called the four immaterial states. The four immaterial states are 1. The Base Consisting Of Boundless Space 2. The Base Consisting Of Boundless Consciousness 3. The Base Consisting Of Nothingness 4. The Base Consisting Of Neither Perception Nor Non Perception You should develop the four immaterial jhanas only after you have developed all of the ten kasinas up to the fourth...

The Method Of Developing Mindfulness Of Breathing

The development of anapanasati (mindfulness of breathing) was taught by the Buddha in Mahasatipatthana sutta. There he said Bhikkhus here in this Teaching a bhikkhu having gone to the forest, or to the foot of a tree, or to an empty place, sits down cross-legged and keeps his body erect and establishes mindfulness on the meditation object only mindfully he breathes in and only mindfully he breathes out. 1. Breathing in a long breath he knows, I am breathing in a long breath, or breathing out a...

Alternate Way of Developing Concentration Based On Four Elements Meditation

In the beginning of this overview we also mentioned that the meditator can begin by developing the Four Elements Meditation. If a meditator begins to develop his concentration by using the Four Elements Meditation then his path of practise will be as follows Firstly he learns to discern in the body each of the 12 characteristics of the four elements one at a time. The 12 characteristics are Hardness, roughness, heaviness, (Earth element). Softness, smoothness, lightness, (Earth element)....

Example Of Discerning Dependent Origination

For example, when one meditator concentrated and searched at the time near death and discerned the mentality and matter there she saw the kamma object of a woman offering fruit to a Buddhist monk. Then she further examined the mentality and matter, beginning with the four elements, present while making the offering of fruit to the Buddhist monk. She then found that that person was a very poor and uneducated villager who having reflected on her own state of suffering had made an offering to the...

Samudayavayadhammanupassi

After the meditator is able to discern both the momentary cessation of dhammas and the causal cessation of dhammas he then contemplates again and again both the arising and passing away of dhammas together. This involves discerning both the momentary arising and momentary passing away of dhammas and the causal arising and causal passing away of dhammas (samudayavayadhammanupassi). In the case of matter this involves seeing 1. The arising of ignorance causes the arising of matter originated The...

The Wind Kasina Meditation

The wind kasina can be developed in two ways through the sense of touch or through seeing. If you wish to develop the nimitta by way of the sense of touch then you should be mindful of the wind as it comes in through a window or door and brushes against the body and note it as wind, wind, wind. If you wish to develop the nimitta by way of the sense of sight then you should be mindful of the movement of leaves, or the branches, of trees in the wind and note it as wind, wind, wind. You can do...

Method For Seeing Cittaja Rupa

All mano dhatu and manovinnana cittas that occur depending on the hadayavatthu rupa in the heart during the whole of one life are capable of producing cittaja oja atthamaka rupa kalapas (mind produced oja as the eighth factor kalapas). Every single citta is capable of producing a great number of these oja atthamaka kalapas which spread out throughout the body. If you concentrate on the mind transparent element you will see that many cittas supported by the hadayavatthu rupa are continuously...

Buddhanussati

There are nine qualities of he Buddha that can be used to develop this meditation according to the Pali formula given in the Suttas Itipi so bhagava araham sammasambuddho vijjacarana sampanno sugato lokavidu anuttaro purisadammasarathi sattha devamanussanam buddho bhagavati. This Blessed One having destroyed the mental defilements is worthy of veneration (araham) he has attained perfect enlightenment by himself (sammasambuddho) he is perfect in knowledge and the practise of morality...

The Earth Kasina Meditation

To develop the Earth Kasina you should firstly find an area of plain earth, the reddish brown colour of the sky at dawn, that is free from sticks, stones, and leaves, and then draw a circle about 1 foot across with a stick or some other instrument. Then you should look at that circle of earth and note it as earth, earth, earth. You should look at that circle of earth with your eyes open for a while and then close your eyes and see if you can visualize an image of the circle of earth. If you are...

Method For Seeing Utuja Rupa

The fire element contained in rupas produced by kamma, citta, utu, or ahara is called utu (temperature). This fire element which is called utu is capable of producing new utuja oja atthamaka rupa kalapas (first generation from utu). These utuja oja atthamaka kalapas also contain fire element and this can again produce more utuja oja atthamaka kalapas (second generation from utu). If the fire element is that which is present in a kammaja kalapa, such as a cakkhu dasaka kalapa, then this fire...

Lovingkindness Meditation Metta Bhavana

If you wish to develop Lovingkindness meditation you should firstly be aware that lovingkindness should not be developed towards the following persons in the beginning. These are As well as these four, you should also not begin to develop lovingkindness to a person In the case of the first four persons an antipathetic person is one who does not do what is beneficial for oneself or for those one cares for, and an enemy is one who does what is detrimental to oneself and to those one cares for. In...

Breaking Down The Distinctions Between Individuals Simasambheda

As you continue to develop lovingkindness up to the third jhana towards the four groups mentioned above you will find that your lovingkindness towards those you like and respect and those who you are particularly fond of and love a lot will become even and you can take these two groups together as one. Then you will be left with only four groups Then you will need to continue to develop lovingkindness so that it is balanced, even and without distinction or boundary towards these four groups of...

Discerning Mentality

In Buddhist Abhidhamma the mind is seen as consisting of consciousness which knows an object and concomitant mental factors which arise together with consciousness. There are 52 such mental factors for example contact, feeling, perception, intention, one pointedness, life faculty and attention. (phassa, vedana, sanna, cetana, ekaggata, jivita, manasikara ) There are a total of 89 types of consciousness which can be classified according to whether they are wholesome, unwholesome or...

The Dhammas That Must Be Contemplated By One Doing Vipassana Meditation

Bhikkhus, without fully knowing, without comprehending, without detaching from, without abandoning the All one is unable to end suffering Bhikkhus, by fully knowing, by comprehending, by detaching from, by abandoning the All one is able to end suffering. Sabbam bhikkhave anabhijanam aparijanam avirajayam apajaham abhabbo dukkhakkhaya Sabbam ca kho bhikkhave abhijanam parijanam virajayam pajaham bhabbo dukkhakkhaya. (Salayatana samyutta, sabbavagga, pathama aparijanana The commentary to this...

Method Of Seeing Aharaja Rupa

The visuddhimagga states In the case of the four, namely, gorge, faeces, pus, and urine, which are originated by temperature, eight types of rupa occur in the oja atthamaka kalapas produced only by temperature. (vsm. XVIII, 6) This shows that these four parts of the body consist of oja atthamaka kalapas that are produced from temperature (utu) only. Therefore when newly eaten food is still inside the stomach it consists of only utuja oja atthamaka kalapas. With the assistance of the fire...

Rupas

Four Great Elements maha bhutas Earth element pathavi dhatu Garupathavi group Lahupathavi group 1. Hard 2. Soft Water element apo dhatu 1. Flowing 2. Cohesion Fire element tejo dhatu 1. Hot 2. Cold Air element vayo dhatu 1. Supporting 2. Pushing Pasada rupas transparent rupas or five transparent elements also called sensitivities 1. cakkhu pasada transparent element of the eye 2. sota pasada transparent element of the ear 3. ghana pasada transparent element of the nose 4. jivha pasada...

Uggahanimitta Patibhaga nimitta

According to the Visuddhimagga when you see a part by means of colour, shape, position, and delimitation this is the learning sign uggahanimitta , and when you see a part and discern it as repulsive, this repulsiveness is the counterpart sign or patibhaga nimitta. By paying attention to and developing this patibhaga nimitta of the repulsiveness of bones you can attain the first jhana at which time the five jhana factors listed below will be present. You can develop the other parts of the body...

Method Of Analysing Rpa Kalapas

The r pa kalapas fall into two groups, those which are transparent and those that are not transparent. Only those r pa kalapas which contain one of the five material transparent elements pasada r pa are transparent, all other r pa kalapas are not transparent. You should firstly begin to practise to discern the four elements, earth, water, fire, and air, in individual transparent and not transparent r pa kalapas. You will probably find that the r pa kalapas are arising and passing away very,...

Recollection Of Death

In accordance with the pali of Mahasatipatthana sutta and the Visuddhimagga commentary recollection of death can be developed based upon a corpse that you have seen before. Therefore to develop the recollection of death you should again enter the first jhana concentration based on the repulsiveness of a corpse. Then when you have attained the first jhana using that external corpse as an object you should reflect that This body of mine too is of a nature to die also. Indeed, it will die just...

White Kasina

It is mentioned in the suttas that the white kasina is the best of the four colour kasinas because of its ability to make the mind clear and bright. For that reason we will show how to develop that particular colour kasina first. To develop the white kasina you should firstly re-establish the fourth jhana based on mindfulness of breathing. Then when the light produced by that concentration is bright, brilliant, and radiant discern the 32 parts of the body internally. Then discern the 32 parts...

Falling into Bhavanga

In this book we have written briefly about how to develop appana jhana using several different traditional meditation subjects such as mindfulness of breathing, skeleton meditation, and white kasina. These meditation subjects all produce two classes of concentration upacara concentration and appana concentration. The concentration that precedes close to the entering into jhana concentration is called upacara concentration and the concentration present when one has entered into jhana is called...

The Light Kasina Meditation

The light kasina can be developed by seeing the light as it streams into a room through a crack in the wall and falls on the floor, or as it streams through the spaces between the leaves of a tree and falls on the earth, or by looking up through the branches of a tree and seeing the light in the sky above. If you have difficulty in developing the sign in these ways then you can get an earthen pot and place a candle or lamp inside it and face the opening of the pot towards a wall so that a beam...

The Khanika Samadhi Of Cittavisuddhi

There are some respected teachers who believe that a suddha vipassana yanika individual does not need to develop samadhi, but can proceed to do vipassana practice with only khanika samadhi momentary concentration . For this reason let us explain a little about the khanika samadhi of a suddha vipassana yanika individual at the time of attaining citta visuddhi and the khanika samadhi present at the time of true vipassana practice. A samatha yanika individual who has developed one of the jhanas...

Insight And Momentary Concentration

The visuddhimagga says that a meditator should try to develop the insight knowledges from sammasana nana comprehension by groups upwards only after he has completed five kinds of discernment. These are 1. rupa pariggaha discerning of rupas. 2. arupa pariggaha discerning of namas. 3. nama rupa pariggaha discerning of namas and rupas. 4. paccaya pariggaha discerning of dhammas which are causes and dhammas which are results of the present namas and rupas. 5. addhana pariggaha discerning of dhammas...

The Fire Kasina Meditation

To develop the fire kasina you can use the flames of a fire, a candle, of any other fire that you have seen. If you have difficulty then you should make a screen with a circular hole in it that is about one foot across. Then you can position that screen in front of a wood or grass fire in such a way that you can just see the flames through the hole in the screen. Without paying attention to the smoke or the fuel that is burning just concentrate on the perception of the flames of the fire and...

Analysing The Rupa Transparent Elements

The organ of the eye contains several kinds of rupas which are interspersed like rice flour and wheat flour mixed together. In the eye there are two kinds of transparent elements mixed together the eye transparent element and body transparent element. This means that the cakkhu dasaka rupa kalapas and kaya dasaka rupa kalapas are interspersed. The kaya dasaka kalapas which contain body transparent element are found spread throughout the six sense bases and are interspersed with the cakkhu...

Colour Kasina

There are four colours used as a basis for kasina meditation and they are blue, red, yellow, and white. Of these four colours the one translated as blue nila can also be translated as black, or brown. All four of these kasinas can be developed by using the colours of different parts of the body. For example according to the Abhidhamma commentary the colour of the head hair, body hair, and iris of the eyes can be used to develop the nila kasina up to the fourth jhana or fifth jhana. The four...