Method For Seeing Utuja Rupa

The fire element contained in rupas produced by kamma, citta, utu, or ahara is called utu (temperature). This fire element which is called utu is capable of producing new utuja oja atthamaka rupa kalapas (first generation from utu). These utuja oja atthamaka kalapas also contain fire element and this can again produce more utuja oja atthamaka kalapas (second generation from utu). If the fire element is that which is present in a kammaja kalapa, such as a cakkhu dasaka kalapa, then this fire...

Lovingkindness Meditation Metta Bhavana

If you wish to develop Lovingkindness meditation you should firstly be aware that lovingkindness should not be developed towards the following persons in the beginning. These are As well as these four, you should also not begin to develop lovingkindness to a person In the case of the first four persons an antipathetic person is one who does not do what is beneficial for oneself or for those one cares for, and an enemy is one who does what is detrimental to oneself and to those one cares for. In...

Breaking Down The Distinctions Between Individuals Simasambheda

As you continue to develop lovingkindness up to the third jhana towards the four groups mentioned above you will find that your lovingkindness towards those you like and respect and those who you are particularly fond of and love a lot will become even and you can take these two groups together as one. Then you will be left with only four groups Then you will need to continue to develop lovingkindness so that it is balanced, even and without distinction or boundary towards these four groups of...

Discerning Mentality

In Buddhist Abhidhamma the mind is seen as consisting of consciousness which knows an object and concomitant mental factors which arise together with consciousness. There are 52 such mental factors for example contact, feeling, perception, intention, one pointedness, life faculty and attention. (phassa, vedana, sanna, cetana, ekaggata, jivita, manasikara ) There are a total of 89 types of consciousness which can be classified according to whether they are wholesome, unwholesome or...

The Dhammas That Must Be Contemplated By One Doing Vipassana Meditation

Bhikkhus, without fully knowing, without comprehending, without detaching from, without abandoning the All one is unable to end suffering Bhikkhus, by fully knowing, by comprehending, by detaching from, by abandoning the All one is able to end suffering. Sabbam bhikkhave anabhijanam aparijanam avirajayam apajaham abhabbo dukkhakkhaya Sabbam ca kho bhikkhave abhijanam parijanam virajayam pajaham bhabbo dukkhakkhaya. (Salayatana samyutta, sabbavagga, pathama aparijanana The commentary to this...

Method Of Seeing Aharaja Rupa

The visuddhimagga states In the case of the four, namely, gorge, faeces, pus, and urine, which are originated by temperature, eight types of rupa occur in the oja atthamaka kalapas produced only by temperature. (vsm. XVIII, 6) This shows that these four parts of the body consist of oja atthamaka kalapas that are produced from temperature (utu) only. Therefore when newly eaten food is still inside the stomach it consists of only utuja oja atthamaka kalapas. With the assistance of the fire...

Rupas

Four Great Elements maha bhutas Earth element pathavi dhatu Garupathavi group Lahupathavi group 1. Hard 2. Soft Water element apo dhatu 1. Flowing 2. Cohesion Fire element tejo dhatu 1. Hot 2. Cold Air element vayo dhatu 1. Supporting 2. Pushing Pasada rupas transparent rupas or five transparent elements also called sensitivities 1. cakkhu pasada transparent element of the eye 2. sota pasada transparent element of the ear 3. ghana pasada transparent element of the nose 4. jivha pasada...

Uggahanimitta Patibhaga nimitta

According to the Visuddhimagga when you see a part by means of colour, shape, position, and delimitation this is the learning sign uggahanimitta , and when you see a part and discern it as repulsive, this repulsiveness is the counterpart sign or patibhaga nimitta. By paying attention to and developing this patibhaga nimitta of the repulsiveness of bones you can attain the first jhana at which time the five jhana factors listed below will be present. You can develop the other parts of the body...

Method Of Analysing Rpa Kalapas

The r pa kalapas fall into two groups, those which are transparent and those that are not transparent. Only those r pa kalapas which contain one of the five material transparent elements pasada r pa are transparent, all other r pa kalapas are not transparent. You should firstly begin to practise to discern the four elements, earth, water, fire, and air, in individual transparent and not transparent r pa kalapas. You will probably find that the r pa kalapas are arising and passing away very,...

Recollection Of Death

In accordance with the pali of Mahasatipatthana sutta and the Visuddhimagga commentary recollection of death can be developed based upon a corpse that you have seen before. Therefore to develop the recollection of death you should again enter the first jhana concentration based on the repulsiveness of a corpse. Then when you have attained the first jhana using that external corpse as an object you should reflect that This body of mine too is of a nature to die also. Indeed, it will die just...

White Kasina

It is mentioned in the suttas that the white kasina is the best of the four colour kasinas because of its ability to make the mind clear and bright. For that reason we will show how to develop that particular colour kasina first. To develop the white kasina you should firstly re-establish the fourth jhana based on mindfulness of breathing. Then when the light produced by that concentration is bright, brilliant, and radiant discern the 32 parts of the body internally. Then discern the 32 parts...

Falling into Bhavanga

In this book we have written briefly about how to develop appana jhana using several different traditional meditation subjects such as mindfulness of breathing, skeleton meditation, and white kasina. These meditation subjects all produce two classes of concentration upacara concentration and appana concentration. The concentration that precedes close to the entering into jhana concentration is called upacara concentration and the concentration present when one has entered into jhana is called...

The Light Kasina Meditation

The light kasina can be developed by seeing the light as it streams into a room through a crack in the wall and falls on the floor, or as it streams through the spaces between the leaves of a tree and falls on the earth, or by looking up through the branches of a tree and seeing the light in the sky above. If you have difficulty in developing the sign in these ways then you can get an earthen pot and place a candle or lamp inside it and face the opening of the pot towards a wall so that a beam...

The Khanika Samadhi Of Cittavisuddhi

There are some respected teachers who believe that a suddha vipassana yanika individual does not need to develop samadhi, but can proceed to do vipassana practice with only khanika samadhi momentary concentration . For this reason let us explain a little about the khanika samadhi of a suddha vipassana yanika individual at the time of attaining citta visuddhi and the khanika samadhi present at the time of true vipassana practice. A samatha yanika individual who has developed one of the jhanas...

Insight And Momentary Concentration

The visuddhimagga says that a meditator should try to develop the insight knowledges from sammasana nana comprehension by groups upwards only after he has completed five kinds of discernment. These are 1. rupa pariggaha discerning of rupas. 2. arupa pariggaha discerning of namas. 3. nama rupa pariggaha discerning of namas and rupas. 4. paccaya pariggaha discerning of dhammas which are causes and dhammas which are results of the present namas and rupas. 5. addhana pariggaha discerning of dhammas...

The Fire Kasina Meditation

To develop the fire kasina you can use the flames of a fire, a candle, of any other fire that you have seen. If you have difficulty then you should make a screen with a circular hole in it that is about one foot across. Then you can position that screen in front of a wood or grass fire in such a way that you can just see the flames through the hole in the screen. Without paying attention to the smoke or the fuel that is burning just concentrate on the perception of the flames of the fire and...

Analysing The Rupa Transparent Elements

The organ of the eye contains several kinds of rupas which are interspersed like rice flour and wheat flour mixed together. In the eye there are two kinds of transparent elements mixed together the eye transparent element and body transparent element. This means that the cakkhu dasaka rupa kalapas and kaya dasaka rupa kalapas are interspersed. The kaya dasaka kalapas which contain body transparent element are found spread throughout the six sense bases and are interspersed with the cakkhu...

Colour Kasina

There are four colours used as a basis for kasina meditation and they are blue, red, yellow, and white. Of these four colours the one translated as blue nila can also be translated as black, or brown. All four of these kasinas can be developed by using the colours of different parts of the body. For example according to the Abhidhamma commentary the colour of the head hair, body hair, and iris of the eyes can be used to develop the nila kasina up to the fourth jhana or fifth jhana. The four...