How the raganusaya lobha tanha dwells in the sukkha vedana

By practising the Vipassana Meditation, when the yogi reaches Udayabbaya nana, he has the pliancy of mind and body as well as the proficiency of mind and body. It seems to the yogi that the sense-object and the noting consciousness are happening by themselves. It is as if the yogi sat there watching the spontaneous occurrences. Vipassana piti arises in the mind of the yogi. A bodily state of well-being and a delightful state of mind arise. Hence, the attachment towards the sukkha vedana arises...

How Dukkha Vedana Suffering is dominant in the early stages of Vipassana Meditation

When a yogi passes through the first Vipassana nana called Namarupapariccheda Nana,1 the yogi has to practise bodily and mental restraint throughout the sitting so that he can sit without being distracted by body movement, and note without being distracted by the mind's wandering. Practising restraint on the mind so that it does not wander is suffering (dukkha). There is no enjoyment only physical and mental dukkha. When a yogi relentlessly continues noting, he reaches the second insight nana,...

Meditation while performing daily activities

As yogis, you will have to practise mindfulness meditation also in your daily activities during your daily routine. It is not the time for sitting meditation nor walking meditation. During your daily routine, it is being mindful of the small daily tasks or activities that you do when you return to your hostel, i.e. when you open and close the door, make your bed, fold the sheet, change clothes and wash them, arrange or prepare meals, eat, drink and perform other small activities. It isn't only...

The Third Insight Sammasana Nana

The yogi faces all types of pains, aches, nausea, stomachaches, shaking of his body, swaying of his body throughout his meditation. He faces mental as well as physical suffering. He feels that his khandha (body) is a load of suffering (dukkha). He also finds that suffering varies and changes places. Suffering itself is not permanent (anicca). The yogi feels that although he came to meditate to find peace and bliss, at that moment, he cannot obtain, nor create, what he had anticipated. He has no...

The Biography of the Sayadaw U Kundalabhivamsa

The Sayadaw was born in Waw Township, Myanmar in 1921. He became a samanera at the age of nine at Waw Monastery. He studied at various teaching monasteries, amongst which are the famous Shwe-hintha Forest Monastery and the Maydhini Forest Monastery. He attained the title of Dhamma Lectureship in 1956, and another title of Dhamma Lectureship in 1958. He had taught Buddhist Scriptures to 200 monks daily at Maydhini Forest Monastery for 20 years. After having meditated under the tutelage of the...

How to cut the Wheel of Life caused by tanha

By practising Vipassana Meditation, when the yogi reaches the Bhanga nana, upon every event of hearing, seeing, smelling, eating, touching, reflecting, the watching consciousness promptly notes every psycho-physical phenomenon. The yogi finds the instantaneous passing-away of both the sense-object and the consciousness, upon noting. He finds all phenomena as dukkha since they are afflicting him constantly with their repeated cessation. Because he no longer finds it pleasurable, the craving...

Forgetting what should not have been forgotten

It refers to those yogis who leave home to go to the forests and meditation centres to practise meditation to know Path and Fruition in this very life. Sometimes, the yogi, in the midst of his meditation, becomes forgetful in some of his notings. He will be delayed in reaching Nibbana. One can be forgetful to be mindful, even in the meditation centre. In the last utterance of Buddha, do not forget is the important reminder. If we do not forget the act of Dana If we do not forget the act of Sila...

Majjhima Buddha Vacana

The middle utterance was all the Dhamma that he expounded during his forty-five years of Buddahood, namely 84 thousands of Dhammakhanda, i.e. the Tri-pitaka. Sutta Pitaka is for the benefit of lokiya (mundane) and lokuttara (supramundane). It shows the good ways for people to take up. It varies a lot, according to the paramita of the individual listener. If the yogi is of high paramita, the sutta will be on the subject of meditation to help him reach Nibbana. If the yogi is a beginner in the...

Quick Reference From Pali to English A

Adinnadana - taking or destroying animate and inanimate properties which have not been given adukkha asukkha vedana or upekkha vedana - indifferent feeling ahetuka-ditthi - Causeless belief akarana - non-action Amata - Decayless state Anagami - Non-returner Anapana Satipatthana - Mindfulness on respiration anatta - non-self anatta-lakkhana - indication of non-self anicca - impermanence apacayana - paying reverence to the sanghas and the elders apati - offence apaya - woeful state arahat -...

Vipassana meditation

By practising vipassana meditation, the yogi can face the outside, as well as the inner sufferings. The yogi is instructed to be mindful of all feelings. The yogi will react to unfavourable feelings such as mosquito bites, by merely noting, ebiting, biting, biting'. When feeling the intense heat, the good yogi will note the warm sensation in his body. He notices the passing away of the warm sensation. The cessation of the warmth is of prime interest for the noting yogi. He ceases to react to...

Cutting the Wheel of Life by noting the vedana

When summing up the formula of the Dependent Origination vedana (feeling) causes tanha (craving) to arise. Tanha causes upadana (attachment). Upadana causes bhava (becoming) to happen, and so on. Because of the vedana, the very foundation of the Wheel of Life, namely tanha, arises. Tanha will go on feeding the Wheel of Paticcasamuppada. The yogi must be able to watch the vedana to such a degree of concentration that the cessation of Tanha will happen. Then the Wheel of Paticcasamuppada will be...

Cultivating the attitude of khanti

Cultivation of the attitude of khanti will yield the yogi the following good results c. Being without fault in whatever he does. d. Having good nimitta (signs) when dying. e. Reaching at least the deva plane in his next existence. On the other hand, if he does not cultivate khanti, the yogi may lose his patience and d. Have an unhappy state of mind. e. Reach the four suffering states after he passes away.

D

Dhamma - Wisdom propounded by Buddha - Dhammadesana - Exposition of Dhamma - Dhamma savana - Listening to Dhamma - Nama-dhamma - Dhamma concerning mind factor - Rupa-dhamma - Dhamma concerning material composition Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta - Buddha's first discourse dhatu - primary elements ditthi - view or belief - Ahetuka-ditthi - causeless belief - atta-ditthi - speculation about oneself - ditthijukamma - making one's view straight - sakkaya-ditthi - concept of 'I' - visama-hetuka-ditthi -...

How a Yogi can enumerate the benefits of Vipassana Meditation

Assuming a yogi can manage one noting every second (in fact, a lot of notings per second is possible for most yogis), he can manage sixty notings in a minute, 3,600 notings in an hour. All these notings of Vipassana Meditation are never wasted or lost in the mind process of the yogi. The strength of his Vipassana Meditation will cumulate till he reaches Nibbana. When the yogi notes on the rise and fall of the abdomen according to the instruction of the late Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw, the...

How the yogi can extinguish the avijjanusaya moha

To extinguish the avijja-nusaya moha in the upekkha vedana, the yogi must strive to be able to find the upekkha vedana as anicca (impermanance). However, upekkha vedana is so subtle that that the yogi normally cannot manage well. It is advisable for him to watch the original rising and falling of the abdomen faithfully. When he notes deeply the rising, the falling, the sitting, the touching, all the phenomenon of rising, falling, sitting, touching, perish at all notings, and at a very fast...

N

Nama-dhamma - dhamma concerning mind factor Nana - Knowledge or insight - (1st) Nama-rupa pariccheda Nana - knowledge of the reality of nama (mind) and rupa (matter) - (2nd) Paccaya pariggaha Nana - knowledge of causes - (3rd) Sammasana Nana - Insight into the three - (4th) Udayabbaya -nupassana Nana (for further explanation see also Udaya and bbaya) - Insight into the rising and passing away of phenomena - (5th) Bhanganupassana Nana - Insight into passing away the perishable nature of...

Ordinary forgetfulness

It refers to those who are enjoying life who are absorbed in their daily routines with good food, good cars and happy family lives. People usually are involved with the pleasures of the sensual world, and forget to meditate. This too, is not good. Because of their forgetfulness, they will be in the sea of samsara for a long time, after his life. They will face the dukkha of old age, the dukkha of sickness, the dukkha of death and the dukkha of rebirth again and again and again. Most yogis in...

The Fourth Insight Udayabbaya Nupassana Nana

The yogi does not have physical pain anymore. Therefore, the mind also is free from suffering. The yogi's body as well as his mind are light, soft, pliant and well-behaved. Those who used to change positions two times during one sitting, may need no change of position at all. The sense-objects and the noting mind are very compatible. The yogi enjoys physical well-being as well as mental well-being. He enjoys bliss (piti). He sees light, colours, celestial beings, monasteries, stupas, etc. These...

The Day of Parinibbana

After having preached the Dhamma to all beings for the space of forty-five years. Buddha entered Nibbana on the full moon day of Vesak. The Buddha entered the Sala Grove of the Malla Kings at Kusinara. He asked the Venerable Ananda to prepare a couch with the head pointing to the North, between the Twin Sala trees. He then laid himself down and entered Parinibbana. There exist three utterances of Buddha. They are called Buddha Vacana. No Buddha in his time has omitted making them.

The Fifth Insight Bhanganupassana Nana

This nana emphasizes the perishable nature of all phenomena. The beginning of the rise of the abdomen is not clear to him any more. Only the passing away of the rise of the abdomen is distinct. While walking, he cannot find the beginning of his lifting the foot, nor the beginning of his movement forward, nor the beginning of the downward motion of his foot. He notices the end part of his lifting, the end part of his forward movement, and the end part of his downward press. Ending of all...

Translators Note

When the Sayadaw came over to Singapore, we requested the Sayadaw to give Dhamma talks at SBYO, and I had the privilege of translating his talks from Myanmar to English for the audience. Whenever I listen to the recorded tapes, their contents overwhelm me. It is never enough for me and the satisfaction I gain remains with each additional listening. I therefore wish to share this Dhamma with all non-Myanmar-speaking friends who are seeking to progress in Vipassana Meditation. If anyone finds...

Pacchima Buddha Vacana

The last utterance - while lying down on a couch in the Sala Grove of the Malla kings, before he entered Mahaparinibbana, Buddha requested the Venerable Ananda to assemble all the bhikkus and exhorted them to practise the doctrines that he had taught - in order that the religious life might last long. Handa dani bhikkhave, amantayamivo Vayadhamma sankhara, Appamadena sampadetha. Come now, monks, I address you Component things are subject to decay, Strive with earnestness. These were the last...

Kusalaca Upasampada Punna KiriyaVatthuni Items of Meritorious Actions

Kusalaca Upasampada kusalaca - meritorious, upasampada - undertaking. The yogi must try to be full of meritorious actions. Avoiding all ducarita is called sucarita. It is kusala (meritorious action). The Dhamma that the yogi must live by is composed of the following ten items of meritorious action (punna-kiriya-vatthuni). They are 3. Bhavana (meditation) - samatha & vipassana bhavana 4. Apacayana (paying reverence to the sanghas and the elders) 5. Veyyavacca (attending to the needs of...

The First Dhamma Talk

Dhamma talk given on the 27 th of April 1992, at the SBYO by the Sayadaw U Kundalabhivamsa of Saddhammaransi Mahasi Meditation Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. I shall talk on the subject of Vipassana Meditation in three parts tonight Part 1 - How a yogi can enumerate the benefits of Vipassana Meditation. Part 2 - How dukkha vedan (suffering) is dominant in the early stages of Vipassana Meditation. Part 3 - Detailed explanation of Vedanupassan Satipatth na.

Dukkha Vedana

In meditation retreats, dukkha vedana is encountered first. In Sammasana Nana, bodily pains, headache, nausea, itchiness, all bodily dukkha, lead to the yogi's mental discomfort. The yogi wonders, Why such troubles How long must I suffer If the yogi can overcome this by meditation, that means he has managed to cut off his dosa-defilement. In the Scriptures, it is stated as follows The yogi is compared to a man going into the forest to collect wood. When a thorn pricks his hand, he must take the...

Cut the chain of Paticcasamuppada the Wheel of Life by practising Vipassana Meditation

All Buddhists understand that to be able to reach Nibbana -where all dukkha are destroyed - the Wheel of Life, which is the root cause of the endless round of rebirth in the sea of samsara, must be broken. Therefore, Buddhists seek to find the dhamma that can cut the Wheel of Life. In fact, Vipassana Meditation is the powerful dhamma in cutting the Wheel of Life. Among the twelve factors pertaining to the causality of the round of rebirth, avijja (ignorance) and tanha (craving) are the two...

The Day of Enlightenment

On the full moon day of Vesak, the Siddhattha Gotama attained the Buddha-hood. In the first watch of the night, there dawned on him the first knowledge. It is called Pubbenivasanussati Nana (The Reminiscence of Past Birth). He recollected his previous births in all their details and special relations. In the second watch of the night, there dawned on him his second knowledge. It is called Cutupapata Nana or, sometimes, Dibbacakkhu Nana (The Perception of the Disappearing and Reappearing of...

The Day of Birth

On the full moon day of May, in the year 623 B.C., the Queen Mahamaya was on the way to visit her father's kingdom, carrying in her womb the ten-month-old Bodhisatta. Between the two cities, there was a pleasure-grove of Sal trees, called Lumbini Grove. The grove was full of flowers, from the ground to the top-most branches of the trees. She reached out and grabbed hold of one of the branches. Immediately, her labour pains started. While standing up, and keeping hold of the Sal tree branch with...

S

Sabba papaca akarana for further explanation also refer to individual words sabba, papaca, and akarana - one must refrain from wrong Sabbannuta nana - Utmost self-awareness of Buddha sadhu - well-said saddhamma - the true dhamma sakkaya-ditthi - concept of 'I' samadhi - concentration samphappalappa - taking part in frivolous conversation sangha - congregation of Buddhist monks sankharas - mental formations, e.g. volitional activities sanna - perception samsara - rounds of rebirth samsara dukkha...

The Second Insight Paccaya Pariggaha Nana

All phenomena such as the rise of the abdomen, the fall of the abdomen, sitting, touching - all happen first the noting consciousness follows to note the above bodily phenomena. The bodily phenomena are the causes, and they cause the mind to notice. The noting mind is the effect. Some yogis experience variations in the pattern of the rising or the falling of the abdomen the abdomen does not rise up straight towards the front. Sometimes, it rises nearer to one side of the body in a lopsided...

The Fourteenth Insight Nibbana

In this nana, defilements which take the yogi to the four suffering states have been broken off. Some defilements are completely destroyed. The sense of self doubt, scepticism, a misunderstanding of rules and rituals and disciplines will be cut off. There is no happening. There is no awareness of anything. Feeling and awareness suddenly cease. The sense-objects and the noting mind both cease to function in the state of Nibbana. The first cessation of sensation is Gotrabhu Nana and it has...

Pathama Buddha Vacana

The first utterance was exclaimed when he attained full enlightenment. Anekajati samsaran sandhavassam anibbisam Gahakarakam gavesanto dukkha jati punappunam Gahakaraka, dittho 'si puna geham na kahasi Sabba te phasuka bhagga gahakutam visamkhitam Visamkharagata cittam tanhanam khayam ajjhaga. Through the endless round of birth and rebirth, This fabric thou shalt ne'er rebuild And the pointed roof lies demolished This mind has demolition reached, And seen the last of all desire

The First Insight Namarupa Pariccheda Nana

When the yogi enters the meditation centre to note on the rise and fall of his abdomen he thinks that 'his' abdomen is rising, 'his' abdomen is falling. 'He' is noting. When noting the sense of touch while sitting, 'his' body is sitting and touching, and 'he' is noting. As concentration increases, he will find that the manner of the rising of the abdomen is one separate entity, and the conscious mind knowing the rise of the abdomen is another separate entity. The phenomena such as rising,...

The Tenth Insight Patisankhanupassana Nana

The yogi finds that he cannot stop just like that. He feels that he has to go on noting. So, he carries on with his meditation. In the Text, this situation is explained with a simile. A man went to a shallow pond, taking a net with him, to catch fish. He threw the net into water. He saw movements inside the net. He bent down and put one hand under the net to seize the fish. He held the fish tightly and brought it out of the water. Then, he realized that it was not a fish, but a poisonous snake...

Upekkha Vedana

The Pali word 'upekkha' is translated as 'indifference'. It is sometimes called 'asukkha-adukkha Vedana'. The defilement attached to it is moha delusion . When the yogi reaches Sankharupekka Nana, the yogi is able to detach himself or feel indifferent towards all sankharas mental formations . In the Sayadaw's meditation centre, yogis reported that 0 The rising of the abdomen and the falling of the abdomen are happening by themselves. 0 The noting mind is working by itself. it is as if the yogi...